8. a. Lessons from this passage about how to treat the poor—
The instructions that apply to their fellow Israelites also display a sentiment similar to Paul’s letters to the early church.
- Support the poor among you.
- Lend without charging interest.
- Let them live on your property.
- When you sell them food, sell it at your cost.
- Don’t force the poor to be slaves.
- You may hire them to work for you.
- You must not treat them harshly.
- You must release indentured servants in the Year of Jubilee.
9. a. God’s reason for His concern for the Israelites—
Leviticus 25:42 —The people of Israel are my servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt, so they must never be sold as slaves.
Leviticus 25:55 — For the people of Israel belong to me. They are my servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.
5. a. How the Year of Jubilee differs from the typical Sabbath year—
- Observed every fiftieth year—after every seventh ordinary Sabbatical year
- The year is set apart as holy.
- Begins on the Day of Atonement
- A ram’s horn is sounded loud and long throughout the land.
- Any land sold in the previous fifty years returns to the original owner or his family.
- The land is never permanently sold because it belongs to God. The seller retains the option to buy it back at any time.
- All slaves are set free, regardless of the number of years they have served.
- Each person may return to the land of his ancestors and to his own clan.
b. The idea central to the Jubilee theme in Leviticus 25:10 and the other verses referenced—
—is freedom from slavery for all the Hebrew people. God was serious about this command. After all, He rescued all of them from Egyptian slavery. He now considered them His own servants. See Leviticus 25:42, 55
3. a. On Mt. Sinai, God instructed Moses to observe the Sabbath years for the land beginning with the very first year.
“Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you enter the land I am giving you, the land will observe a Sabbath to the Lord.” Leviticus 25:2 HCSB
b. The instructions the Lord gave through Moses—
The first six years—
- Plant your fields.
- Prune your vineyards.
- Harvest your crops.
The seventh year—
- Do not plant your fields.
- Do not prune your vineyards.
- Don’t store away the crops that grow on their own.
- Don’t gather the grapes that grow on the unpruned vines.
- The land must have a complete rest.
- You may eat whatever the land produces on its own.
- This applied to the Israelites, their servants, their hired workers, and temporary residents living with them.
- Allow the livestock and wild animals to eat what the land produces.
11. a. Atonement was made for the sins of the Israelites on the tenth day of the seventh month (early autumn) each year.
b. Numbers 29:7-11 The major emphasis in each description of the Day of Atonement—
The passage in Numbers specifies the number of each sacrificial animal and the measures of grain, oil, and wine offered with each one.
The passage in Leviticus highlights the purpose of the day, purifying all the people—Israelites and foreigners—from their sins.
Interesting. I never realized the two accounts were not the same.