5. a. Jesus instructed the disciples to go to “the lost sheep of Israel.” He said do not to go to the Gentiles or Samaritans.
b. What the following verses have to say about Jesus’ command:
John 4:22 The Samaritans don’t comprehend what they are worshiping.
Matthew 28:19-20 Go to ALL the nations; Make disciples; Baptize them; Teach them what He (Jesus) taught them.
Acts 1:8 The reach includes Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and the remotest parts of the earth. Jerusalem is where they were at the time, so they didn’t need to go somewhere else to begin.
Romans 1:16; 2:19-20 The good news of Christ is God’s power to everyone who believes. It was offered first to the Jews, and now to everyone else.
6. a. Things Jesus instructed the apostles to do that resembled His own ministry:
- Preach, saying the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
- Cure the sick
- Raise the dead
- Cleanse the lepers
- Drive out demons
- Without pay and without charge (Jesus did maintain a treasury bag, however)
- Accept invitations to eat and sleep in homes of worthy people. Bless them.
- Move along when you are unwelcome.
b. Give freely out of a generous and grateful heart because they received freely.
c. “Works” was so ingrained in me while I was growing up in the institutional church, I’m still prone to volunteering to the point of exhaustion. In order to get enough worker-bees for all the programs, we were taught it was THE way to serve the Lord. (Update: The lecturer actually said “working in the church is the way we serve today.” The myth is alive and well.)
Now I serve and give in other ways by doing small things for others as unto the Lord — including, but not limited to, healing the sick, casting out demons, and raising the dead. (I wasn’t the only one praying, but still…) I teach in small ways one on one and through writing.
I’m thankful it doesn’t depend on my own strength, because I have zero ability other than Christ in me.
However, I’m still prone to pity parties like the one I was having this afternoon. Lord, forgive me.
d. 3101 mathētḗs (from math-, the “mental effort needed to think something through”) – properly, a learner; a disciple, a follower of Christ who learns the doctrines of Scripture and the lifestyle they require*; someone catechized with proper instruction from the Bible with its necessary follow-through (life-applications). *Bold type added by me. I find that section clearest.
From Strong’s Greek
Update: Since the original twelve disciples were named in the passage at hand, it is probably appropriate to list them in response to the question. So in alphabetical order (I found it easier to memorize them this way)…
- James, the elder
- James, the younger
7. a. Further instructions:
- “be as cunning as snakes and as inoffensive as doves”
- Don’t run a fund-raising campaign.
- Travel light.
- You don’t need a lot of equipment. You are the equipment!
- Don’t insist on staying at a luxury inn.
- If you’re rejected, don’t make a scene. Just move on.
b. Lessons I can apply from this passage:
- Start as is, where is—to borrow a phrase from real estate.
- Just do it!—to borrow a phrase from Nike.