Study of Matthew 21:33-46~ My answers to BSF study questions
Parable of the Vineyard
9. a. The literal translation of “landowner” is “a man, head of household or householder.” The owner of the vineyard is God.
b. The vineyard in the parable is the house of Israel or the city of Jerusalem.
c. The tenants in the parable are the priests and teachers of the law.
d. From time to time the landowner (God) sent His servants, the prophets.
e. The heir was Jesus, God’s own son.
f. There was a span of about forty years from the time of John the Baptist until Jerusalem was besieged by Titus.
Cast a trench about thee—This was literally fulfilled when this city was besieged by Titus. Josephus gives a very particular account of the building of this wall, which he says was effected in three days, though it was not less than thirty-nine furlongs in circumference; and that, when this wall and trench were completed, the Jews were so enclosed on every side that no person could escape out of the city, and no provision could be brought in, so that they were reduced to the most terrible distress by the famine which ensued. The whole account is well worth the reader’s attention. See Josephus, War, book v. chap. xxii. sec. 1, 2, 3. Adam Clarke’s Commentary.
g. The new tenants were the Gentiles—Luke 21:24 (HCSB) They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive into all the nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
However, God’s rejection of Israel is not final—Romans 11:11 (HCSB) I ask, then, have they stumbled in order to fall? Absolutely not! On the contrary, by their stumbling, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel jealous.
b. In 1 Peter 2:7–8, this cornerstone is wonderful for those who believe in Jesus. But for those who reject Him in “obstinate unbelief”, they subject themselves to being broken. This is their judgment. (Adam Clarke Commentary)
In Romans 9:32–33, “Jesus is the “stumbling stone” that Paul was speaking of. God has placed Jesus directly in the path of every person. Those who fail to put their complete trust in Jesus because they are trusting in themselves will stumble and fall into hell, while those who believe in Him will never be ashamed.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
In 1 Corinthians 1:23, Jesus is a stumbling block to the Jews and foolishness to the Gentiles. The Jews thought their own diligence produced holiness and couldn’t comprehend how faith in Jesus’ sacrifice was the only way to be redeemed. The Gentiles who were aware of their sin couldn’t comprehend that someone would die to redeem them.
c. Ephesians 2:20 People who still reject and stumble over this Stone today—
- Most Jews still reject Jesus as the Messiah.
- Other religions also reject Jesus as the Son of God and the only way to the Father even though many acknowledge He was a prophet, teacher, and a good man.
- Many believe all spiritual paths are about the same and lead to the same supreme being.
- When asked, many will say they are going to heaven or they hope so, because they have lived a pretty good life—not a murderer etc.
d. Jesus said the kingdom would be taken away from the Jewish nation and given to the Gentiles who would produce fruit. Acts 28:28 (HCSB) “Therefore, let it be known to you that this saving work of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will listen!”
As a Gentile, I am encouraged to know I qualify. I’m thankful that I have accepted Jesus as the Messiah by faith and received His free gift of salvation, redemption, forgiveness, healing, and deliverance—all that was provided for me when Jesus said, “it is finished!”
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