Study of Matthew 22:1–14 ~ My answers to BSF study questions
Parable of the wedding banquet
- The king—God the Father
- The Son—Our Lord Jesus Christ
- The bride—The church, the body of Christ
- The king’s servants—the prophets, apostles and other messengers
a. God sent His messengers to invite the Jewish nation and others to His kingdom and the marriage of the Lamb and His wife (the church) who has prepared herself.
b. The king’s messengers were ignored, mistreated, and killed. In Acts 7:51-53 NASB, Stephen sums it up very well: “You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did. Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? They killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become; you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it.”
Then they stoned him to death. Paul was repeatedly whipped and stoned. The apostles were killed, boiled in oil, and exiled. Jesus, God’s own Son, was crucified.
c. Jesus directed this parable at the Jews, the Pharisees, and Jerusalem. God was about to send the Roman armies to burn up their city. It also refer to the day of judgment.
d. The Gentiles—”They were commonly regarded among the Jews as living in highways and hedges–cast out, poor, and despised.” Barnes Notes on the New Testament
e. “It is thought that it was customary for wedding garments to be provided for all guests by their host. It was an insult of the highest degree to refuse to use the provided clothing since the guests were brought in directly from the highways and streets.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
The wedding garment was the robe of righteousness of Christ provided at salvation when we receive by faith His invitation into the kingdom of God.
f. Anyone who refuses the invitation or lacks the wedding clothes—those who profess but do not possess true salvation—will be thrown into hell. Any arguments or rationalizations they used in the past will escape them in the presence of a Holy God.
12. a. Similar excuses made today:
- I’m too busy.
- Not now. I’m too young. Maybe when I’m old, and I had all the fun I wanted.
- I’m too old.
- I’m already a member of a “church.”
- I would lose all my friends.
- There is too much to give up.
- It’s too hard.
- I’m not concerned about it.
- I don’t believe in life after death. So what’s the point?
- I’m not good enough.
- I believe everyone will be saved.
- I’m a pretty good person.
b. Because I accepted the invitation, I don’t receive a warning from this passage.
I do receive encouragement to invite anyone and everyone.
c. I recognize that I cannot provide my own robe of righteousness. My own efforts of self-righteousness will not suffice. No soap or bleach can get my own garment clean. Only by faith in the finished work of Christ and receiving His free gift of forgiveness can I be properly attired for attendance at the wedding feast of the Lamb.
d. God calls everyone to salvation. He provided and offered this free gift to all. He stands at the door and knocks. But He doesn’t force Himself on anyone. So because of their neglect or outright rejection of the proper attire, God will reject them.