Study of Matthew 22:15-33 ~ My answers to BSF study questions
3. a. The Pharisees and Sadducees had failed at previous attempts to entrap Jesus with religious questions.
Although the Jewish religious leaders and the Herodians were not friends, their common hatred of Jesus caused them to conspire in an attempt to destroy Him.
The Pharisees—most of the Jews for that matter—rejected Roman rule. The Herodians were likely a part of the ruling family and/or simply supporters of Herod. If Jesus encouraged anyone not to pay taxes, they would be fully justified in having Him arrested.
If Jesus said they should pay allegiance to Caesar, the Pharisees could also claim Jesus endorsed worship of the emperor.
“The image on the denarius, the only small silver coin acceptable for imperial tax payments, was probably that of Tiberius Caesar (reigned A.D. 14-37). The inscription upon the coin read “Tiberius Caesar Augustus, Son of the Divine Augustus” with the reverse side reading “Chief Priest.” This inscription was a claim to divinity and, as emperor, the right to be worshiped. Jesus declared, “Render [give back] to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s” (Mark 12:17) . We are made in God’s image (Genesis 1:27 and James 3:9), so we must render to God the things belonging to God (our lives) and to Caesar the things belonging to Caesar (his money and other benefits of his rule).” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
b. Questions people ask today that could cause controversy:
- Are you pro-life or pro-abortion?
- Who did you vote for in the last election?
- Evolution or creation?
- Do you believe gay marriage should be legalized?
c. Things I owe “Caesar”:
- Submit to the governing authorities
- Pay my taxes and tolls
- Show respect and honor
- Obey the laws as long as they don’t cause us to sin against God.
Things I owe God:
- Believe that Jesus is God’s son, the savior of the world. Receive His forgiveness and eternal life.
- Love the Eternal One my God with all my heart and all my soul and all my mind.
- Love my neighbor (others) as I love myself.
4. Matthew 22:23–33—The Sadducees take their turn at trying to trap Jesus with a question.
a. Jesus gave them two reasons for their error:
- In the resurrected state, there will be no weddings.
- And yes, there is eternal life. God is God of the living, not the God of the dead. He said so, and it was recorded in Exodus 3:6, which Jesus quoted to them.
b. Many doubt there is life after death.
5. a. The passage to which Jesus referred is God speaking to Moses from the burning bush. The Sadducees only accepted the Pentateuch—the five books of Moses—and rejected the oral traditions of the Pharisees as well as the rest of the Old Testament scriptures. Jesus used Exodus 3:6 to point out a truth they had never noticed. God speaks of Himself, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the present tense saying “I am” and they still are.
b. Family members and others I love who have gone on before me will be resurrected. Those who knew the Lord will welcome me when I too pass over to the other side.