Hebrew Names of God

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Adonai Elohim
The LORD God (Gen. 2:4). This Name shows that the Source and Ground of all being is also the personal God and Creator of the entire universe. Elohim is plural (3 or more) but uses singular verbs.

Adonai Elohai
The LORD my God (Psalm 13:3).

Adonai Avinu
The LORD our Father (Isa. 64:8).

Adonai El Elyon
The LORD Most High God (Gen. 14:22; Psalm 7:17; Psalm 47:2).

Adonai Elohei Yisrael
The LORD God of Israel. Identifies YHVH as the God of Israel in contrast to the false gods of the nations (Isa. 17:6).

Adonai Yir’eh
The LORD who sees; Gen. 22:14; Adonai sees all and knows our needs intimately (rendered in the KJV as Jehovahjireh). Sometimes transliterated as “Jehovah Jirah” or “Jehovah Jireh.”

Adonai Mekaddishkhem
“The Lord your Sanctifier.” Portrays the Lord as our means of sanctification or as the one who sets believers apart for His purposes (Ex. 31:13).

Adonai Nissi
The LORD my Miracle, or The LORD my Banner; (Ex. 17:15) (rendered in the KJV as the Jehovahnissi).

Adonai Osenu
The LORD our Maker (Ps. 95:6).

Adonai Tzidkenu (or Tsidkeinu)
The LORD our Righteousness (Jer. 23:6, 33:16).

Adonai Tseva’ot
The LORD of armies (or hosts).
Tsava means army. Exodus 12:41

Adonai Ro’i (ro-ee)
The LORD my Shepherd (Ps. 23:1, Ez. 34:2).

Adonai Roph’ekha
The LORD who heals you; The LORD your healer; (Ex. 15:26). Sometimes mistakenly named the LORD our Healer.

Adonai Shalom
The LORD of Peace (Judges 6:24) (rendered in the KJV as Jehovah shalom).

Adonai Eloheikhem
The LORD your [pl.] God (Lev. 19:3).

Adonai Tsuri v’goali
The LORD my Rock and my Redeemer (Psalm 19:14).

Adonai Elohei David
The LORD God of David (Isaiah 38:5).

Adonai Sal’i
The LORD my Rock (or Hiding Place, as in the crag of a cliff) (Psalm 18:2).

Malakh Adonai
This mysterious Angel was treated as YHVH Himself, exercising divine prerogatives and receiving worship (see Genesis 16:7, 9, 11; Exodus 3:2-6; Judges 13:21-22).

References: Genesis 16:7, 9ff; 22:11, 15; Numbers 22:22ff, 31f, 34f; Judges 2:1, 4; 5:23; 6:11f, 21f; 13:3, 13, 15ff, 20f; 1 Kings 19:7; 2 Kings 1:15; 19:35; 1 Chronicles 21:16, 30; Psalm 34:8; Isaiah 37:36; Haggai 1:13; Zechariah 1:11f; 3:1, 6; Malachi 2:7.

Note: The Aramaic Targum of Onkelos (Genesis 16:13) identifies the Angel of the Lord with the Shekhinah, the concrete manifestation of the presence of God.

Some lists use “Jehovah” instead of “Adonai.” According to some Hebrew scholars, “Jehovah” is an incorrect pronunciation of YHVH, the ineffable name of God. Since it was only spoken once per year by the high priest, no one is sure how it should be pronounced. Instead of attempting to do so, the Jews use Adonai, or Lord.

El Shaddai
God Almighty or “God All Sufficient.” First used in Gen. 17:1, 2. (Gen. 31:29, 49:24, 25; Prov. 3:27; Micah 2:1; Isa. 60:15, 16, 66:10-13; Ruth 1:20, 21) In Rev. 16:7, “Lord God the Almighty.” The Septuagint uses Greek “ikanos” meaning “all-sufficient” or “self-sufficient.”

Mighty One (to be strong) Gen. 49:24; Deut. 10:17; Ps. 132:2, 5; Isa. 1:24, 49:26, 60:1.

The Branch – Zech. 3:8, 6:12; Isa. 4:2; Jer. 23:5, 33:15.

Holy One – Psalm 71:22; Isa. 40:25, 43:3, 48:17. Isaiah uses the expression “the Holy One of Israel” 29 times.

Judge – Gen. 18:25

El Roi
God of Seeing – Hagar in Gen. 16:13. The God Who opens our eyes.

Jealous – (zealous). Ex. 20:5, 34:14; Deut. 5:9; Isa. 9:7; Zech. 1:14, 8:2.

Deliverer – Psalm 18:2.

Savior (he will save). Isa. 43:3. Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Joshua.” The latter is a contraction of Je-Hoshua. (“Christ”, the anointed one is equivalent to the Hebrew Maschiah, or Messiah). [See Wikipedia article].

Redeemer (to buy back by paying a price). Job 19:25; For a human example of this title, Boaz was called the Kinsman-Redeemer in the Book of Ruth.

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