Study of John 1:29-36 Baptism
6 a. John’s the Baptist’s Baptism and New Covenant Baptism
Strong’s definition of the Greek word translated as baptism or baptized:
—from a derivative of (bapto); to make whelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the N.T.) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technical) of the ordinance of Christian baptism :- baptist, baptize, wash.
John the Baptist’s baptism
There was a sort of baptism under the Old Covenant. It usually had to do with ritual uncleanness or preparation for entering the tent of meeting or temple. The scriptural instruction just said “wash” but the Jewish leaders liked to make the instructions more specific.
Everywhere that the bathing of one’s flesh or the washing of one’s garments from uncleannesses is stated in the Torah, it is nothing but the immersion of the entire body in a mikve. (Mishneh Torah, Moshe ben Maimon)
Accordingly, immersion (“baptism”) or טְבִילָה was required for lepers, people and objects that contacted seminal fluid (e.g., during sexual intercourse or from a nocturnal emission), the niddaor menstruant, and so and so on. It is regarding all these baptisms or immersions that the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews wrote, concerned only with foods and drinks and various baptisms, and carnal ordinances imposed until the time of reformation. (See Hebrews 6:2)
From the topical thread on Was Baptism Practiced before Christ.
For years before Christ, the Jews had used baptism in ritual cleansing ceremonies of Gentile proselytes. John the Baptist took baptism and applied it to the Jews themselves—it wasn’t just the Gentiles who needed cleansing. Many believed John’s message and were baptized by him (Matthew 3:5–6).
Acts 19:4—A baptism of repentance to prepare the people for the coming of the Messiah.
Paul explains the analogy of Christ’s baptism—
1 Corinthians 10:2—And all [of them] were baptized into Moses [into his safe keeping as their leader] in the cloud and in the sea; (AMP)
Like Israel, Jesus went through the Red Sea, came up on the other side, was baptized by the Holy Spirit, and then entered the wilderness for forty days. There He encountered an enemy, the devil, and rather than being intimidated, He stood in His identity and His relationship with God, resisted the devil , and walked out of the wilderness as the victor.
By contrast, the Israelites walked forty days in the wilderness, became intimidated, doubted God, pulled away from God, and gave a bad report. As a result, they had to spend forty years in the wilderness. Very often Jesus’ actions in the Gospels fulfilled or mimicked a shadow from the Old Testament that actually pointed to Himself. (Jonathan Welton)
John 7:38-39—”These rivers of living water are referring to the Holy Spirit and the effects He produces in the lives of believers. Galatians 5:22-23 says that “the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.” These qualities should flow out of us as an artesian well. They should not have to be pumped. They will flow as we conform our thinking to God’s Word (Proverbs 23:7; Isaiah 26:3; Romans 8:6, and 12:2).” Andrew Wommack
Acts 2:38—“Repent [change your old way of thinking, turn from your sinful ways, accept and follow Jesus as the Messiah] and be baptized, each of you, in the name of Jesus Christ because of the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (AMP) The New Covenant Baptism is a symbol of our new birth into right-standing and relationship with Jesus. The gift of the Holy Spirit
The New Covenant Baptism is a symbol of our new birth into right-standing and relationship with Jesus. The baptism of the Holy Spirit brings the abiding presence of God.
1 Corinthians 12:13—”For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.” (ESV)
b. Jesus’ baptism
7 a. Jesus the Lamb of God—
The one God-ordained, God-gifted sacrificial offering. (JFB)
Isaiah 53:7 prophesied the Messiah as a lamb led to the slaughter, to show his patience in his sufferings, and readiness to die for man.
A lamb, among the Jews, was also an emblem of patience, meekness, and gentleness. On all these accounts, rather than on any one of them alone, Jesus was called the Lamb. (Barnes)
The law instructed the priest to examine the sacrificial lamb and not the person who brought the sacrifice. Only the lamb had to be without blemish.
- Jesus was the perfectly sinless lamb. (1 Peter 2:23-25)
- Jesus was a sacrifice for sin—the substance represented by the daily offering of the lamb, and slain at the usual time of the evening sacrifice (Luke 23:44-46) (Barnes)
- Jesus was the Passover Lamb for everyone, not only the Jews. (John 3:16)
- Jesus is the only resurrected, eternal Passover Lamb.
b. Worthy is the Lamb.
“The life is in the blood” (Lev. 17:11). (Frank Viola)
My answers— not THE answers—to BSF study questions for John Lesson 2 Day 2.