Answers to BSF Bible study questions John Lesson 26 Day 2
3. Pilate ordered that a plaque be placed above Jesus’ head.
The sign read, “JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
This was according to Roman custom. The one to be crucified had his crime written out and the title hung around his neck as he carried his cross to the place of death. Then the title was placed at the top of the cross, so all would know the reason for the crucifixion.
The Romans wanted crucifixion to be a public event. They wanted many to see the wretched victim, read of their crime, and be warned. This also confirms that Jesus was crucified outside the walls of the city (Hebrews 13:12), but close to the city and likely close to an often-used road. (David Guzik)
Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.”
The religious leaders objected to Pilate’s inscription. They believed it was false and misleading because the sign appeared to declare that Jesus was the King of the Jews!
“They also believed it was demeaning because it showed Rome’s power to humiliate and torture even the “King of the Jews.” (David Guzik)
4. The sign read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.”
- Savior of the world
The Samaritans (after the woman at the well brought them to hear Jesus) said, “We’re no longer taking this on your say-so. We’ve heard it for ourselves and know it for sure. He’s the Savior of the world!” John 4:42 MSG
(The lesson does not reference the following verses.)
- King of Kings and Lord of Lords
“And on His garment (robe) and on His thigh He has a name (title) inscribed, king of kings and lord of lords.” Revelation 19:16 (AMPC)
” The title indicates someone who has the power to exercise absolute dominion over all His realm. In the case of the Lord Jesus, the realm is all of creation.” (Source)
- All nations shall come and kneel down in worship before you.
O Lord, all the peoples of earth—every nation You established—will come to You, bowing low to worship, and rightly honor Your great name. Psalm 86:9 (Voice) Who will not fear you, Lord, and bring glory to your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous acts have been revealed.” Revelation 15:4 (NIV)
- Every nation, tribe, people, and language
“After this, I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people, and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. And they cried out in a loud voice:
“Salvation belongs to our God,
who sits on the throne,
and to the Lamb.” Revelation 7:9-10 (NIV)
- Jesus said, “I…will draw all people to Myself [Gentiles, as well as Jews].”
“And I, if and when I am lifted up from the earth [on the cross], will draw and attract all men [Gentiles as well as Jews] to Myself.” John 12:32 (AMPC)
It was written in three languages (Greek, Latin, and Hebrew) so that all could understand.
Pilate apparently wanted this statement about Jesus as public as possible.
- Greek — for the Grecians who gloried in wisdom. (Trapp)
Greek and Aramaic were spoken by the vast majority of Jews and Jewish pilgrims who traveled to Jerusalem for holy festivals. They were the common languages used for everyday purposes. (Zerhusen)
Greek was the common language of the eastern Mediterranean world. (Tenney)
- Hebrew for the Jews who gloried in the law. (Trapp)
Hebrew was considered a higher language reserved for special purposes. “It was the language of God, the language of the Torah, the Prophets, and the Psalms, and thus the appropriate language for worship.” (Zerhusen)
- Latin — for the Romans who most gloried in dominion and power. (Trapp)
The people who traveled to Jerusalem mentioned in Acts 2:5-13.
Since Passover is usually considered “the single most theologically important holiday in the Jewish calendar”, it seems likely that even more Jews were in Jerusalem when Jesus was crucified.
About Pentecost —”Because of the holy festival, there are devout Jews staying as pilgrims in Jerusalem from every nation under the sun.” Acts 2:5 (Voice) (emphasis added)
The pilgrims present for Pentecost are identified as —
Parthians, Medes, and Elamites;
Visitors from Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cappadocia,
Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia,
Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene;
Immigrants from Rome, both Jews and proselytes;
Even Cretans and Arabs! (Acts 2:9-11)
5. God who brought us to life with Christ, forgave all our sins.
The record of the charges against us—the certificate of the massive debt we incurred by the Mosaic law that stood against us—and took it away by nailing it to the cross. In this way, he disarmed the spiritual rulers and authorities. He shamed them publicly by his victory over them on the cross. (Colossians 2:13-15)
Hallelujah! Jesus didn’t die for me, He died as me. How can I adequately thank him?
MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on John Lesson 26 Day 2