10. a. Moses and the Apostle Paul would willingly give up their own relationship and eternal destiny with God to secure forgiveness and eternal destiny with God for the Jews.
This reminds me of Jesus’ words recorded in John 15:12-13 “This is My commandment: that you love one another [just] as I have loved you.
No one has greater love [no one has shown stronger affection] than to lay down (give up) his own life for his friends.”
UPDATE: I found a notation on the records kept by the Jews. The names of the living were recorded. When someone died, their name was removed from that list. So it is more likely Moses and Paul were speaking of their earthly life rather than eternal damnation.
b. God sent Jesus to do what Moses and Paul could not. See Matthew 1:21
c. How and why God was able to accomplish this—see Romans 3:23-26; Galatians 4:4-5; 1 Timothy 2:5-6; Hebrews 9:15
- When the right time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, subject to the law. Galatians 4:4
- He bought freedom for those who were slaves to the law. Galatians 4:5
- So that he could adopt us as his very own children. Galatians 4:5 NLT
- His grace (His unmerited favor and mercy) Romans 3:24 AMP
- Through the redemption available only in Jesus the Anointed. Romans 3:24 VOICE
- Jesus is the only possible mediator of the New Covenant. 1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 9:15
- Jesus sacrificed His life and shed His blood. Romans 3:25
- He declares sinners to be right in his sight when they believe in Jesus. Romans 3:23 NLT
- For Christ died to set them free from the penalty of the sins they committed under that first covenant. Hebrews 9:15 NLT
11. Principle found in Exodus 32:33—
- The price necessary to blot out our sins is greater than any ordinary man can pay.
- “In no case shall the innocent ever suffer for the guilty.”
The great evil of sin appears in the price of pardon. Matthew Henry Concise Bible Commentary
As if the Divine Being had said: “All my conduct is regulated by infinite justice and righteousness: in no case shall the innocent ever suffer for the guilty. That no man may transgress through ignorance, I have given you my law, and thus published my covenant; the people themselves have acknowledged its justice and equity, and have voluntarily ratified it. He then that sins against me, (for sin is the transgression of the law, 1 John 3:4, and the law must be published and known that it may be binding), him will I blot out of my book.” Adam Clarke’s Commentary
12. a. Comparison of the Lord’s instructions and promises in Exodus 33:1-3 with His words in Exodus 23:20-33—
- The Lord has not changed His mind about the land He promised. He promises to send an angel before them in both passages.
- In Exodus 23, the angel sent to protect them may be the Angel of the Lord, God’s son. They are commanded to obey Him and not be rebellious or provoke Him.
- In Exodus 33, the Lord says, the angel will go before them (ahead of them, perhaps) to drive out the inhabitants BUT He, God, will not be among them on the journey. He knows they will provoke Him, and He doesn’t want to destroy them. (In Exodus 33:7 Moses moves the tent of meeting outside the camp. Or his own tent. Versions differ on this.)
- Exodus 23:24—You must not worship the gods of these nations or serve them in any way or imitate their evil practices.
- Exodus 23:24—You must utterly destroy their gods and smash their sacred pillars.
- Exodus 23:25—You must serve only the Lord your God.
- Exodus 23:32—Make no treaties with them or their gods.
- Exodus 23:33—They must not live in your land, or they will cause you to sin against me.
Promises in Exodus 23:20-33—
- I am sending an angel to protect you and lead you. Exodus 23:20 NLT
- I have prepared a place for you. Exodus 23:20 NLT
- If you obey my instructions, I will be an enemy to your enemies and oppose those who oppose you. Exodus 32:22 NLT
- I will bless you with food and water, and I will protect you from illness. Exodus 23:25 NLT
- There will be no miscarriages or infertility in your land, and I will give you long, full lives. Exodus 23:26 NLT
- I will send my terror ahead of you and create panic among all the people whose lands you invade. I will make all your enemies turn and run. Exodus 23:27 NLT
- I will drive them out a little at a time until your population has increased enough to take possession of the land. Exodus 23:30 NLT
- And I will fix your boundaries from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and from the eastern wilderness to the Euphrates River. Exodus 32:31a NLT
- I will hand over to you the people now living in the land, and you will drive them out ahead of you. Exodus 32:31b
- If you serve their gods, you will be caught in the trap of idolatry. Exodus 32:33 (More of a warning. Not a favorable promise.)
Promises in Exodus 33:1-3—
- I will send an angel before you to drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
- I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I told them, ‘I will give this land to your descendants.’ That promise was still intact.
b. The Lord describes the people as stubborn, stiff-necked, and rebellious.
c. Exodus 33:4 NLT— When the people heard these stern words, they went into mourning and stopped wearing their jewelry and fine clothes.
d. Enjoying unbroken fellowship—As a New Covenant believer, my relationship with God is different. Because of the blood of Jesus, God sees me clean. My sin doesn’t separate me from God as it did under the Old Covenant.
However, when I give into temptation (darkness), I allow Satan an opening to cause me trouble, mainly though condemnation. I feel like I’ve wrecked my relationship with God, but He has never left me. His Holy Spirit abides.
Failure to understand this has led many to try and earn fellowship with the Lord by their holy actions. That means people aren’t going through Jesus to approach God, but they are trusting in their own holiness. That is totally wrong and makes us vulnerable to Satan’s condemnation. God doesn’t accept us based on what we do. It’s all about our faith in Jesus. But if we have faith in Jesus and fellowship with Him, holiness will come as a fruit–not a root–of that fellowship (Romans 6:22). Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
The verse referenced for this question (1 John 1:6-9) complicates the answer, in my opinion. I think John is addressing a doctrinal issue other that broken fellowship with the Lord. Believers don’t say they have no sin.
As I’ve mentioned before and likely will again, I’m trying to overcome long-term exposure to condemnation teaching. I love the following explanation of walking in the light—
Walking in the light doesn’t produce fellowship with the Lord. But fellowship with the Lord produces walking in the light. This is an important difference and one that “religion” totally misses. Our actions are the surest indicators of whether or not we have fellowship with the Lord. But they do not cause us to have fellowship with the Lord. Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
All that said, I try to keep short accounts with the Lord—recognizing immediately any thoughts, words, attitudes, and actions motivated by selfishness, pride, covetousness, etc. Taking those things captive before they bear fruit is still a wrestling match many times. But I try to repent right away.
When my elderly Dad interrupts me for the umpteenth time, I’m trying to remember to silently say, “I will be patient, as unto the Lord.” It really helps.