Life of Moses Lesson 14 Day 3

Leviticus 2-7

6.  Four offerings described in these chapters—After wrestling with details and a concise way to write them, I found a nifty chart.

  • Grain/Cereal offering—
    • Finely ground flour—This took extra effort to produce. They must give God their best.
    • Pour olive oil over it and sprinkle with frankincense.
    • The grain offering “could be offered any of four ways. It could be uncooked (Leviticus 2:1-3), cooked in an oven (Leviticus 2:4), baked in a pan (Leviticus 2:5-6), or fried in a pan (Leviticus 2:7).
      AWMI
    • No yeast/leaven or honey could be used. This is the only time honey is not allowed. AWMI
    • Must be seasoned with salt.
    • The priest burned a handful or piece of the grain offering with oil and all of the frankincense, “a Fire-Gift, a pleasing fragrance to God.” MSG
    • The rest of the grain offering belonged to the priests.
    • Purpose—The worshiper offered this gift as thanks to God for the earth’s increase.
  • Peace/fellowship/thanksgiving offering/sacrifice—”…we should never forget or take lightly the peace we have with our Lord. Legonier.org
    • An animal from the herd or flock. Male or female but without blemish.
    • Offered voluntarily and spontaneously. Leviticus 19:5
    • Present the animal at the tent of meeting, lay your hand on its head, and slaughter it there.
    • The animal’s blood must be splattered on all sides of the altar.
    • Unleavened and leavened bread with olive oil must be brought along with the animal. They are not burned but belong to the priest. Leviticus 6:11-17
    • The priest must burn on the altar (on top of the burned offering) the fat around the internal organs, the two kidneys and the fat around them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver. If a sheep or goat, include the fat of the broad tail. It is a special gift of food offered by fire, a pleasing aroma to the Lord. NLT
    • The only offering the worshiper could eat.
    • Purpose—Confession or praise
      • Repayment of a vow—”Hannah’s lavish offering when she dedicated Samuel to the Lord is an example of a peace offering given to commemorate the payment of a vow 1 Samuel 1:21-28.”
      • Thanksgiving
      • A free expression of a worshiper’s goodwill
  • Sin offering—”to deal with those who sin unintentionally by doing anything that violates one of the Lord’s commands.” Leviticus 4:2b NLT
    • Like the Peace offering, the sacrifice consists of either an animal from the herd or flock and offered on the altar.
    • If the anointed priest or the whole congregation commits a sin through ignorance, the sin-offering is a young bullock without blemish.
    • If the ruler sins, his offering is a male goat without blemish.
    • When a private individual sins, his offering must be either a female kid or a female lamb without blemish, or, if he is too poor to provide one of these, a turtle-dove.
    • Purpose—to atone for a sin committed unintentionally.
  • Guilt/trespass offering—Lev 5:14-19; 6:1-7; 7:1-6
    • Mandatory
    • Take a ram without blemish to the priest.
    • Make restitution and add 20%.
    • The Lord’s portion of the sacrifice—fat, fat covering inner parts, fat tail, kidneys, lobe of the liver—must be burned on the altar.
    • Any male from among the priests’ families may eat it. But it must be eaten in the court of the tabernacle.
    • Purpose—Atonement for a sin committed unintentionally. The difference between a guilt offering and a sin offering seems to be the need to make restitution. (How can robbery, cheating, committing fraud, etc. be unintentional?)

7.  a.  Atonement—the reconciliation of God and humankind through the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ (Meridian Webster Dictionary)

“Atonement is the payment that corrects the relationship between God and man, which was broken through sin.” Tom Brown

This is how God showed his love for us: God sent his only Son into the world so we might live through him. This is the kind of love we are talking about—not that we once upon a time loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as a sacrifice to clear away our sins and the damage they’ve done to our relationship with God. 1 John 4:10 MSG

b.  How the various sacrifices are a picture of Jesus Christ’s perfect life and His death on the cross—Romans 3:23-26 

  • Jesus lived a sinless life.
  • He was without blemish or deformity. 1 Peter 1:19
  • He lived on earth as a man.
  • His blood splattered when He was beaten and spilled out when a sword was thrust in His side.
  • “All of us, like sheep, have strayed away. We have left God’s paths to follow our own.  Yet the Lord laid on him the sins of us all.” Isaiah 53:6
  • Jesus became the sacrifice for all who believe in Him.

c.  Sacrifices I’ve offered God recently—

  • Presented myself as a living sacrifice—Romans 12:1-2 Crawling back on that altar multiple times each day, it seems. Oy.

Don’t become so well-adjusted to your culture that you fit into it without even thinking. Instead, fix your attention on God. You’ll be changed from the inside out. Readily recognize what he wants from you, and quickly respond to it. Unlike the culture around you, always dragging you down to its level of immaturity, God brings the best out of you, develops well-formed maturity in you. MSG

  • Imitate God by walking in love—Ephesians 5:1-2—Yesterday, I was feeling sorry for myself, and by doing so, unintentionally made someone feel guilty. Now I feel guilty. If I was walking in love, I would have focused on my friend instead of myself.
  • Give gifts to those in need.—Philippians 4:18—An appropriate reminder at Christmas and every day.
  • Sacrifice of praise, which is the fruit of lips that thankfully acknowledge and confess and glorify His name.  Hebrews 13:15 AMP
  • Enter his gates with thanksgiving; go into his courts with praise. Give thanks to him and praise his name.  Psalm 100:4 NLT  I’m making a conscious effort to be thankful. I’ve tried to stop complaining. That doesn’t work. Rather than focus on NOT doing something, I need to change my focus. I have so much to be thankful for. 
  • Early morning prayer—My flesh REALLY hates this one.

“In the morning You hear my voice, O Lord; in the morning I prepare [a prayer, a sacrifice] for You and watch and wait [for You to speak to my heart].” Psalm 5:3 AMP

I’m on day 5 of the 30 day Early to Rise challenge. I’m trying to become a morning person.

I still can’t say that with a straight face.

The author is a Christian and makes it fun.

Okay, fun is a stretch. Let’s say, his advice is often humorous.

Prayer is part of my early morning routine as well as Bible study. I found I was staying up later and later trying to catch up. (Resisting the temptation to complain about all the interruptions and care-giving that consume my days.)

(Lynn, that was a lousy attempt at not complaining. Give thanks. Remember?)

My goal is to get ahead before classes resume after the New Year. “With (me) this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” Matthew 19:26 HCSB

What other verses did you find?

Photo Credit Ben Ward Creative Commons


For blog hosting, I recommend BlueHost. It is easy-to-use, reliable, and inexpensive. It also has superb, 24-7 support. It is the only hosting service I personally recommend.