3. a. Commands in Numbers 13:1-2—
- Send men to explore and scout out the land of Canaan.
- Send a leader from each of the twelve tribes.
Promise — Canaan, the land I am giving to the Israelites.
b. Reasons to explore Canaan—
God said to do it.Update: In the lecture, we heard “sending scouts was not God’s idea.” See Deuteronomy 1:22 Also, see the notes about this apparent contradiction.
- Since they didn’t have a map, they needed to find the best route to take.
- For military strategy.
- To encourage and motivate the people and prepare them for the task ahead.
- Go north through the Negev in to the hill country.
- See what the land is like.
- Find out whether the people living there are strong or weak, few or many.
- See what kind of land they live in. Is it good or bad?
- Do their towns have walls, or are they unprotected like open camps?
- Is the soil fertile or poor?
- Are there many trees?
- Do your best to bring back samples of the crops you see.
Giving the scouts details to report insured they brought back the most helpful information.
- Some details are important for military strategy.
- Reports of cities and vineyards would paint a picture in the minds of the Israelites.
- The people were growing restless and frustrated after camping in the wilderness for two years.
d. Things to think about—
- Is this task or project God’s idea, my idea, or someone else’s idea?
- If it’s God’s, go for it.
- Embrace the vision.
- Don’t be afraid or discouraged.
Options that didn’t work out so well—
- Consider the recommendations of others.
- If they seem good, rally help and go for it.
- Ask God if it’s a good idea.
- Ask God about each person on the list.
4. a. Numbers 12:21-23—
- People lived there.
- Giants lived in Hebron.
- Fortified cities with strong defenses
- The land God was giving them was fertile and good for farming.
- One cluster of grapes was so large, it took two men to carry it.
b. The scouts explored the land for forty days.
c. Descendants of Anak—
- Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, probably three tribes
- Lived in Kiriath-Arba (Hebron) built seven years before Zoan, Egypt
- The people were huge. Some were giants. Numbers 13:32-33 NLT
- The descendants of Anak were strong and tall. Deuteronomy 9:2 NLT
- As the saying went, “Who can stand up to the Anakites?”
- The land of Hebron was given to Caleb. He proved the saying wrong. He drove out all three tribes. Joshua 15:13-14 & Judges 1:20