My answers to study questions for BSF Life of Moses Exodus 3:11-22
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In Exodus 4:18-20
, Moses’ preparations to return to Egypt consisted of asking Jethro for permission and putting his wife and sons on a donkey. It seems they left right away. Surely Moses did a little more than announce, “road trip.”
If Moses wrote this, as believed, it’s understandable he didn’t record his wife’s activities. (Tongue in cheek comment there.) Zipporah certainly packed food and other items they needed for the 538 hour walking journey
, not including breaks. Today, there is a ferry. That is a LONG trip.
“This is what Yahweh says: Israel is My firstborn son. I told you: Let My son go so that he may worship Me, but you refused to let him go. Now I will kill your firstborn son!” Exodus 4:22-23
10. a. Moses apparently neglected to circumcise one of their sons.
b. His wife, Zipporah, did what Moses should have done—circumcised their son. (poor kid, first and worst
road off-road trip ever.) UPDATE:
This morning it occurred to me that Moses’ sons may have been over thirty years old. We don’t know exactly how long Moses had been in Midian when he married Zipporah, but he lived there for forty years
. However, Moses did put his wife and two sons on “a” donkey, according to HCSB. At least four other versions
say “donkeys” plural.
c. What have I left undone?
My anti-condemnation radar went off on this question.
We are no longer under the law. And I’m not Jewish. So, we don’t exactly have the same type of obligations placed on Moses and the other Israelites. When God looks at us, He sees us through the blood of Jesus.
Paul wrote the book of Galatians to deal with those teaching “another Gospel”—one that obligated Christians to follow the law of Moses.
I looked up the word obligation in the HCSB
version. It occurs thirteen times
. Three in the New Testament and ten in the Old Testament.
Of the three in the New Testament, one is anti-obligation: “But I didn’t want to do anything without your consent, so that your good deed might not
be out of obligation, but of your own free will.” Philemon 1:14
“Now we who are strong have an obligation
to bear the weaknesses of those without strength, and not to please ourselves
.” Romans 15:1
“For if I preach the gospel, I have no reason to boast, because an obligation
is placed on me. And woe to me if I do not preach the gospel!”1 Corinthians 9:16
This was Paul’s calling.
I believe we are obligated to crucify our flesh and deny ourselves through obedience to the calling of God in our lives. By taking that first baby step “I am sure of this, that He who started a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus.” Philippians 1:6
We didn’t save ourselves and we are unable to sanctify ourselves. Thinking we can do either is idolatry.
- He is a Levite.
- He speaks well without God’s help.
- God doesn’t plan to tell him what to say.
- Aaron was obedient when God told him to go meet Moses in the wilderness. “This is amazing that the Lord could speak so clearly to Aaron and that he could find Moses as he journeyed to Egypt. This was certainly divine intervention.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
- Aaron displayed great faith in Moses’ encounter with God. God must have prepared his heart. He stepped out and spoke second-hand words to the people.
12. In obedience—
- Moses and Aaron assembled the people,
- Aaron repeated the words of God relayed by Moses,
- Aaron(?)* performed the signs before the people. See note below:
*UPDATE: In a comment below this post, Candice pointed out the NLT says Moses performed the signs.
Here is my comment posted here so I can add links:
Exodus 4:30 from NLT — “Aaron told them everything the Lord had told Moses, and Moses performed the miraculous signs as they watched.”
I pulled up that verse in all the available versions on Bible Gateway, and some others do say Aaron spoke AND performed the miraculous signs. Some agree with the NLT.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary agrees with the NLT — “Aaron was spokesman, and Moses performed the appointed miracles—through which “the people” (that is, the elders) believed…”
Adam Clark’s Commentary takes the other view — “Aaron spake all the words—It is likely that Aaron was better acquainted with the Hebrew tongue than his brother, and on this account he became the spokesman. Did the signs—Turned the rod into a serpent, made the hand leprous, and changed the water into blood.”
The other two commentaries I consulted didn’t mention who demonstrated the miracles.
This is very interesting. Thanks so much, Candice, for pointing out the difference. Perhaps the Hebrew text is somewhat ambiguous.
The HCSB version surprised me when it said Aaron performed the signs because of what God spoke to Moses about his staff in Exodus 4:17.
The results: The people believed and bowed down and worshiped.
- Even in His anger, God made an allowance for Moses’ fear of embarrassment and rejection.
- When Moses ran away for fear of Pharaoh, he ran a LONG way!
I can certainly relate. It’s easy to look at Moses and be judgmental. After all, he received the best education possible. And we know how it turned out.
Even when God chooses us (me) to do lesser things, we (I) react with fear of embarrassment and rejection. Pray I will get over myself.
The scripture reference links in this lesson are HCSB
unless otherwise noted. Italics added for emphasis.
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