My answers to study questions for Exodus 23
7. a. Exodus 23:1-9 Deals with matters of justice and truth. Although I’ve never had to give testimony in court, I have participated in verbally convicting someone only to learn later of their extenuating circumstances. So many times I see the challenges faced by others, and realize how easy it is to judge them as lazy or irresponsible. I’m thinking of one specific family I help regularly. Only a few people know how desperate their circumstances are.
b. In Exodus 23:10-19 the general concerns are rest and remembrance.
- Rest for the land
- Rest for servants and animals
- Remembering their deliverance from captivity
- Remembering and giving thanks to God their provider
c. God shows compassion and wants us to do the same—
- when we work hard
- when we lose a spouse
- when a child loses a parent
- when we are poor
- when an animal is injured or abused
- when people are falsely accused
- anytime we are vulnerable
8. The angel in Exodus 23:20 likely refers to a pre-incarnate manifestation of Christ. 1 Corinthians 10:4 says that Christ followed the Israelites, and 1 Corinthians 10:9-10 speaks of the Israelites tempting Christ. AWMI
9. a. “I wills” in Exodus 23:22-31— I counted 12 in the NASB version including “My Angel will” and “He will.” I found 11 in the NIV.
b. Things God promised to for Israel—
- I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. Exodus 23:22
- I will completely destroy them. Exodus 23:23
- He will bless your bread and your water. Exodus 23:25
- I will remove sickness from your midst. Exodus 23:25
- I will fulfill the number of your days. Exodus 23:26
- I will send my terror ahead of you. Exodus 23:27
- I will send hornets before you to so that they will drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.. Exodus 23:28
- I will drive them out little by little, until you become fruitful and take possession of the land. Exodus 23:30
- I will fix your boundary from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the River Euphrates; Exodus 23:31
- I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you. Exodus 23:31
c. God required Israel to—
- ..if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say Exodus 23:22
- You shall not worship their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their deeds Exodus 23:24
- You shall utterly overthrow them and break their sacred pillars in pieces. Exodus 23:24
- You shall serve the Lord your God. Exodus 23:25
10. a. God’s patient and wise care—
- He will throw their enemies into fear and confusion before they even arrive. The Israelites will already have the advantage. Exodus 23:27-28
- God will not drive out the inhabitants in a single year because the Israelites wouldn’t be able to care for it themselves. The wild animals would become too numerous. Exodus 23:29-30
b. I’m thankful the Holy Spirit gently convicts me of little things I used to consider unimportant. He doesn’t jerk a knot in me with an all-out condemnation assault. Which I well deserve.
He’s teaching me to silently ask for guidance when minor annoyances come along. When I do, He shows me how to respond in a better way or says don’t react at all.
I’m making an effort to be thankful—a much better use for my tongue—diverting my focus from the complaint du jour.
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