6. The black horse
The rider of the black horse was holding a pair of balance scales.
It was about this same time that some prophets came to Antioch from Jerusalem. One of them named Agabus stood up one day and, prompted by the Spirit, warned that a severe famine was about to devastate the country. (The famine eventually came during the rule of Claudius.) So the disciples decided that each of them would send whatever they could to their fellow Christians in Judea to help out. They sent Barnabas and Saul to deliver the collection to the leaders in Jerusalem.
The voice of one of the living creatures said,
A loaf of wheat bread or three loaves of barley will cost a day’s pay. And don’t waste the olive oil and wine.
- Supply lines cut off during attack or siege
- Starved to death by captors
- Famine caused by lack of rain, plague of locusts, flooding, fire, or some other disaster
- Any combination of the above
…There was a great famine in Samaria; and behold, they besieged it, until a donkey’s head was sold for eighty shekels of silver, and a fourth of a kab of dove’s dung for five shekels of silver. As the king of Israel was passing by on the wall a woman cried out to him, saying, “Help, my lord, O king!”.
When the city came into view, he (Jesus) wept over it. “If you had only recognized this day, and everything that was good for you! But now it’s too late. In the days ahead your enemies are going to bring up their heavy artillery and surround you, pressing in from every side. They’ll smash you and your babies on the pavement. Not one stone will be left intact. All this because you didn’t recognize and welcome God’s personal visit.” MSG
This prophecy literally came to pass around 70 AD.
Luke 21:20-24 Jesus said,
“When you see soldiers camped all around Jerusalem, then you’ll know that she is about to be devastated. If you’re living in Judea at the time, run for the hills. If you’re in the city, get out quickly. If you’re out in the fields, don’t go home to get your coat. This is Vengeance Day—everything written about it will come to a head. Pregnant and nursing mothers will have it especially hard. Incredible misery! Torrential rage! People dropping like flies; people dragged off to prisons; Jerusalem under the boot of barbarians until the nations finish what was given them to do. MSG
7. Definition of Hades
…properly unseen, i.e. “Hades” or the place (state) of departed souls: – grave, hell. Strong’s
In this passage, Jesus describes the deaths of a poor man named Lazarus and a rich man.
Both died. Angels carried Lazarus to a place of comfort called Abraham’s bosom (the Greek word is elsewhere translated creek).
The rich man was tormented by flames in Hades. Interestingly, the rich man could “look up” and recognize Lazarus across the great distance. His soul could see and Lazarus’ soul resembled his human body.
Although the rich man begged for mercy and comfort, it was too late.
Death and Hades will be thrown into the lake of fire after releasing everyone they hold captive.
8. a. Zechariah 6:1-8
Bronze/brass/copper (Strongs) mountains (not seen or mentioned by John). “They may represent the strong barriers of God’s purposes, which restrained those powers within the times and limits appointed by Jehovah.” Adam Clarke (Perhaps refers to Deuteronomy 28:23)
Perhaps God would no longer hold back judgment on Judah.
Instead of a single horse and rider, in this vision chariots are drawn by more than one powerful horse. Riders are not mentioned.
They are the Four Spirits of heaven sent out to patrol the earth.
The First Chariot is drawn by red horses. No specific details are given.
The Second Chariot drawn by black horses is sent toward the north country.
The Third Chariot drawn by white horses goes after them [because there are two northern powers to overcome.] (AMP)
The Fourth Chariot drawn by strong, dapple-gray horses is sent to the south country.
The messenger angel says they are the Four Spirits of heaven sent by God to patrol the earth. “See, those who are going to the north country have quieted My Spirit [of wrath] in the north country.” AMP
The colors of the horses in Zechariah are similar to the horses in Revelation.
In Zechariah, there are more horses of each color. The horses are pulling chariots.
In Revelation, the riders are assigned the tasks of famine, war, etc. In Zechariah, only the horses are mentioned.
Only in Zechariah, the direction the horses are headed is given.
b. What prophecies of Jesus in
Jesus prophesied about the coming events some of which relate to Zechariah & Revelation:
- Complete destruction of the Temple–War
- False prophets and false Messiah’s–Not mentioned
- War and rumors of war–Red horse/rider
- Nation against nation (war)–Red horse/rider
- Kingdom against kingdom (war)–Red horse/rider
- Famines–Black horse/rider
- Earthquakes (death?)–Dapple-gray/pale green