12. a. Opening of the sixth seal
I watched as the Lamb broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake. The sun became as dark as black cloth, and the moon became as red as blood. Then the stars of the sky fell to the earth like green figs falling from a tree shaken by a strong wind. The sky was rolled up like a scroll, and all of the mountains and islands were moved from their places. NLT
Exodus 19:18 Similarity — earthquake
All of Mount Sinai was covered with smoke because the Lord had descended on it in the form of fire. The smoke billowed into the sky like smoke from a brick kiln, and the whole mountain shook violently. NLT
Sounds similar to the great earthquake in Rev 6:12.
Rev 6:14 refers to mountains being moved out of their places, but in the Exodus passage, Mount Sinai shook violently but did not move out of its place.
And as to earthquakes, many are mentioned by writers during a period just previous to 70 AD. There were earthquakes in Crete, Smyrna, Miletus, Chios, Samos, Laodicea, Hierapolis, Colosse, Campina, Rome, and Judea. ~Theologian and author, J. Marcellus Kik
Perhaps no period in the world’s history has ever been so marked by these convulsions as that which intervenes between the Crucifixion and the destructio of Jerusalem. ~Commentator Edward Hayes Plumptre
A heavy storm burst on them during the night; violent winds arose, accompanied with the most excessive rains, with constant lightnings, most tremendous thunderings, and with dreadful roarings of earthquakes. It seemed as if the system of the world had been confounded for the destruction of mankind; and one might well conjecture that these were signs of no common events!” ~Historian Josephus who lived during that time
Isaiah 34:4 Almost the same as Rev. 6:13
The heavens above will melt away
and disappear like a rolled-up scroll.
The stars will fall from the sky
like withered leaves from a grapevine,
or shriveled figs from a fig tree. NLT
Jeremiah 4:23-26 Similar to earthquake in Rev 6:12
I looked at the earth, and it was empty and formless.
I looked at the heavens, and there was no light.
I looked at the mountains and hills,
and they trembled and shook.
I looked, and all the people were gone.
All the birds of the sky had flown away.
I looked, and the fertile fields had become a wilderness.
The towns lay in ruins,
crushed by the Lord’s fierce anger.
Although verse 23 sounds like Genesis 1:2, it is about the judgment of Judah at the hands of the Babylonians.
Joel 2:30-31 Similar to Rev 6:12
And I will cause wonders in the heavens and on the earth—
blood and fire and columns of smoke.
The sun will become dark,
and the moon will turn blood red
before that great and terrible day of the Lord arrives.
This refers to those dreadful sights, dreadful portents, and destructive commotion, by which the Jewish polity (form of government), was finally overthrown, and the Christian religion established in the Roman empire. Jesus applies this prophecy in Matthew 24:29. Adam Clarke’s Commentary
3 Then the Lord will go out to fight against those nations, as he has fought in times past. 4 On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem. And the Mount of Olives will split apart, making a wide valley running from east to west. Half the mountain will move toward the north and half toward the south. 5 You will flee through this valley, for it will reach across to Azal. Yes, you will flee as you did from the earthquake in the days of King Uzziah of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come, and all his holy ones with him.
b. God’s plan for judgment
These passages describe judgments carried out against Judah by the Babylonians and the Romans.
13. a. Those in Revelation 6:15-16 took refuge in caves and among the rocks in the mountains.
They wanted the rocks and mountains to hide them from the face of the one who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb.
Jesus gave a benevolent warning: “So when you see the abomination of desolation [the appalling sacrilege that astonishes and makes desolate], spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the Holy Place (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains [for refuge].
Abomination — The Jews’ national aversion to idolatry was manifested even against the images of the Roman gods and emperors, which the Roman armies carried in their standards when they surrounded Jerusalem. George Peter Holford, The Destruction of Jerusalem
b. Psalm 46
- God is our refuge and our strength, always ready to help in times of trouble. NLT
- We don’t have to fear disastrous events.
- The Lord of heaven’s armies is among us.
- God is our fortress.
Refuge–Literally a place of trust
How blessed [fortunate, prosperous, and favored by God] are all those who take refuge in Him! Ps 2:12b
The natural tendency, upon seeing an approaching army, would have been to flee into Jerusalem for safety. Jesus told them to fight their natural instinct and flee the city.
Because of Jesus’ command to flee, (which His followers took to heart), His followers were protected. In fact, one of several well-known commentaries confirms that “…history does not record that even one Christian perished in the siege of Jerusalem.” Jonathan Welton, Ratureless
Jesus is our refuge. He makes a way when there seemed to be no way.
14. The Lamb of God opened the seals
At Passover, only the lamb had to be free from blemish. Not the man or household who sacrificed it.
Jesus, the Lamb of God, was the only one found worthy to open the seals.
Jesus willingly took all the punishment I deserved.
Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! (Rom 5:9 ESV)
For God has not destined us for wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 1 Thessalonians 5:9 ESV
Thank You, Jesus, for salvation. You are my refuge. You alone are worthy of my trust.