Trumpet Judgments of Revelation 8-9
12. a. & b. Plagues similar to trumpet judgments in Exodus
First Trumpet Judgment — Hail and Fire mixed with Blood — Revelation 8:7
In the Exodus plague, blood isn’t mentioned.
Then Moses stretched out his staff toward heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down to the earth. And the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt. There was hail and fire flashing continually in the midst of the hail, very heavy hail, such as had never been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. Exodus 9:23-24 ESV
Second Trumpet Judgment — Water Ruined
In Revelation 8:8-9, a third of the sea became blood. A third of the sea creatures died. A third of the ships destroyed.
In Exodus, all the water in Egypt turned to blood, even the water sitting in buckets and troughs turned to blood.
And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, their canals, and their ponds, and all their pools of water, so that they may become blood, and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, even in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.’” Exodus 7:19 ESV
Third Trumpet Judgment — Rivers and Springs turned Bitter
In Revelation 8:10-11, the water in a third of the rivers and springs of water turned bitter. Many people died from the poisoned water. (Wormwood is the name of a plant and of the bitter-tasting extract derived from it. ESV)
In Exodus, deaths aren’t mentioned. When Moses cried out to the Lord, God told him to throw a log into the water. When he obeyed, the water turned sweet. Note to self: No matter how hopeless or distressing things look in the natural, cry out to God.
“When they came to Marah, they could not drink the water of Marah because it was bitter; therefore it was named Marah.”Exodus 15:23 (Marah means bitterness. ESV)
Fourth Trumpet Judgment — Darkness
In Revelation 8:12, “a third of the sun was struck, and a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of their light might be darkened, and a third of the day might be kept from shining, and likewise a third of the night.
In Exodus, the entire land of Egypt (other than where the Israelites live) was in total darkness for three days.)
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness to be felt.” So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the people of Israel had light where they lived. Exodus 10:21-23 ESV
Fifth Trumpet Judgment — Locusts
- In Revelation 9:1-11, locusts came out of the bottomless pit. (Exodus just says, God caused them to come.)
- The locusts were told not to eat anything green. “Don’t hurt the grass, don’t hurt anything green, don’t hurt a single tree—only men and women, and then only those who lack the seal of God on their foreheads.” Instead, they stung people for five months causing torment.
Let my people go, that they may serve me. For if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country, and they shall cover the face of the land, so that no one can see the land. And they shall eat what is left to you after the hail, and they shall eat every tree of yours that grows in the field, and they shall fill your houses and the houses of all your servants and of all the Egyptians Exodus 10:4-6 ESV
Sixth Trumpet Judgment — A third of the people died
In Revelation, a third of the people died, not just males. In Exodus, every firstborn male whether man or cattle died.
So Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight I will go out in the midst of Egypt, and every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the slave girl who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has never been, nor ever will be again. But not a dog shall growl against any of the people of Israel, either man or beast, that you may know that the Lord makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.’ Exodus 11:4-7 ESV
c. Revelation 9:20-21
Following each judgment in Revelation, the people remained arrogant and hard-hearted toward God. They did not repent.
Following each plague in Exodus, Pharoah’s remained hardened toward God.
13. I’m thankful for God’s loving-kindness toward His own.
I’m so encouraged when I read how Jesus warned the Christians. Historians say the believers escaped to Pella on the other side of the Jordan before the five months of torment and destruction came to Jerusalem. “…history does not record that even one CHRISTIAN perished in the siege of Jerusalem.” (The Destruction of Jerusalem by George Peter Holford)
If this prophecy which Jesus instructed John to send to the seven churches refers to Jerusalem’s destruction, how proper that the very same judgments that fell on their oppressors also fell on them? And why did they, by all accounts, remain arrogant and unrepentant to the end?
Oh, how abundant is your goodness,
which you have stored up for those who fear you
and worked for those who take refuge in you,
in the sight of the children of mankind! Psalm 31:19 ESV
I’m encouraged that even during the Exodus, God continued to provide manna, water, and a tolerable ecosystem in the middle of a desert. A cloud shielded them from the burning sun by day and a fire kept them warm at night. He provided for them even though they complained and caused themselves needless hardship and grief through disobedience.
I’m inspired by meditating on the awesome power and the resources God orchestrates and manages.
b. Judgment applies to those who are not God’s own.
The prodigal son got himself into a bad situation, but his father never disowned him or contributed to his bad situation. Instead, the father patiently waited and for his son’s return.
Lord, I’m amazed and humbled by Your Grace!