Revelation Lesson 26 Day 2 & Day 3
Revelation 20:11-15 Judgment
This lesson raises questions about several vague issues. In my view, no one can definitively answer them. I believe this passage refers to the same event described in the parables of dividing the sheep from the goats (Matthew 25:31-46)and the wheat from the tares (Matthew 13:24-30).
3. Great White Throne of Judgment
Great [high and elevated (Isaiah 6:1)] *
White [(splendid or shining) 1 Kings 10:18-20] *
John doesn’t say who is seated on the throne. Perhaps it wasn’t revealed to him.
He didn’t say who he saw in Revelation 4:3 either. We can only make our own determination based on other verses.
Adam Clarke says John saw “the indescribable Jehovah” seated there.
Based on the following verses, it’s likely the Son of God and not Father God. Jesus earned the right to be in the seat of judgment.
For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment [that is, the prerogative of judging] to the Son [placing it entirely into His hands]
Jesus judges in righteousness because He lived a blameless life.
God appointed His Son giving Him the authority to judge. Acts 17:31
Jesus is Lord of everyone, the living and the dead. Every knee will bow and every tongue will confess, acknowledge and praise God. Romans 14:1-11
4. The Son of God “will then put on majesty and terror.” (Matthew Henry)
The heavens (sky, air, heavens)* and earth (country, earth, ground, land, world)* fled away from the presence of the Son of God on the great white throne.
Fled away – φεύγω Transliteration: pheugō — apparently a primary verb; to run away (literal or figurative); by implication to shun; by analogy to vanish :- escape, flee (away). *
*Strong’s Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
5. A. The books mentioned in verse
Scholars scour through the scriptures, particularly the Old Testament to find any books (scrolls/writings) mentioned there.
(Daniel 7:10). The books of God’s remembrance, alike of the evil and the good (Psalm 56:8; Psalm 139:4; Malachi 3:16): conscience (Romans 2:15, 16), the word of Christ (John 12:48), the law (Galatians 3:10), God’s eternal counsel (Psalm 139:16).
A Commentary: Critical, Experimental, and Practical on the Old and New Testaments.
What books? The book of God’s law; the book of God’s omniscience; the book of men’s consciences. In the former is contained what all men should have done; the two latter will discover what they have thought, spake, or done in the flesh. Matthew Poole’s Commentary
Since Revelation is considered by some to be the most rabbinical book in the New Testament, the following description may be the most applicable:
“at the beginning of the year (or every new year’s day) , “three books are opened”, one of the wicked perfect, another of the righteous perfect, and a third of those between both; the righteous perfect are written and sealed immediately for life; the wicked perfect are written and sealed immediately for death; the middlemost are in suspense, and continue from the beginning of the year to the day of atonement; if they are worthy, they are written for life, if not worthy, they are written for death:”
and in the same treatise (k), they represent God at the same time of the year as a
“King, sitting on a throne of judgment, and the books of the living, and the books of the dead, “open”, before him:”
this with them was a prelude and a figure of the future judgment:
and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works; that is, they were sentenced to everlasting condemnation and death, according to the just demerit of their wicked works; for no other are done by wicked men, nor can any other be in the books, since they are without God and Christ, and destitute of the Spirit, have no principle of grace to act from, nor any good end in view in any action of theirs. So the Jews say (l),
“all the works which a man does in this world are “written in a book”, and they come into thought before the holy King, and they are manifest before him.”
(h) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 154. 2.((i) T. Bab. Roshhashanah, fol. 16. 21. (k) T. Bab. Roshhashanah, fol. 32. 2. & Erachin, fol. 10. 2.((l) Zohar in Gen. fol. 118. 3.
B. The Names of the righteous stayed in the Book of Life.
Revelation mentions the Book of Life four times:
Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; let them not been rolled among the righteous.
…the rest of my fellow workers,whose names are in the book of life.
The one who conquers will be clothed thus in white garments, and I will never blot his name out of the book of life.
Revelation 13:8 NIV
All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast—all whose names have not been written in the Lamb’s book of life, the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world.
Scholars differ on whether the phrase about “from the creation of the world” applies to the names of the righteous or the Lamb or both. The NIV seems to apply it to both.
My humble opinion: The name of every soul is written in the book of life. Some Bible translations call this “The Book of the Living”. The names of those who are not counted among the righteous before their death, have their names erased.
The names of the righteous are not erased at their deaths because they have been granted eternal life.
…And the dwellers on earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel to see the beast, because it was and is not and is to come.
My name is written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.
I know my name is written there because of God’s promises. He keeps His Word.
- I believed, received, and welcomed Jesus into my life.
- Jesus, the Lamb of God, took away all my sin.
- He extended to me the privilege of becoming a supernaturally born child of God.
- Because of this new birth, I became a citizen of high heaven.
- My name is in the Lamb’s book of life.
- My earthly body will be transformed to be like Jesus’ glorious resurrected body.
- Jesus rescued me from dying subject to the penalty of sin.
- Now I will have eternal life and live with Him forever.
I victoriously overcame the world through believing that Jesus is the Son of God.
Because of this, Jesus said He will never blot my name out of the Lamb’s Book of Life.
I am dressed in white.
Jesus confesses and openly acknowledges my name before His Father and before His angels.
On the day everyone stands before God and the books are opened, my name will be found in the Lamb’s Book of Life. I will not be hurled into the Lake of Fire.
C. The second death applies to God’s inevitable judgment of those who rejected Jesus’ gift of redemption.
He took the punishment they deserved, and they said, “No thanks. I don’t believe in God, Jesus Christ, eternity, or a lake of fire. I don’t want it. I don’t need it.”
And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,
But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”
D. People on my heart
I have six Jewish family members. They all live in other states. I haven’t seen three of them since we were all children. I see the other three once a year.
I pray for laborers; for dreams or visions; for any method God may use to reveal the truth to them.
Only God knows what will reach them.
Out of the six, only one shows interest. He read the New Testament but didn’t accept it as truth. Although his father was Jewish by descent, he was an atheist and did not allow his sons to have anything to do with religion.
I’ve answered my cousin’s questions via email, but to my knowledge, he has not accepted Christ. Another cousin, a pastor, has answered his questions also. Other family members pray for him and his brothers since their birth.
My words to the three I see every year are quickly dismissed. (Two of them are her small children.) She believes there is no life after death. Although the Sadducees ceased to exist after the fall of Jerusalem, she adheres to their beliefs. She says all the Jews she knows believe this way. She calls herself a cultural Jew.
The following is a brief list of beliefs they held that contradict Scripture:
1. They were extremely self-sufficient to the point of denying God’s involvement in everyday life.
3. They denied any afterlife, holding that the soul perished at death, and therefore denying any penalty or reward after the earthly life.
4. They denied the existence of a spiritual world, i.e., angels and demons (Acts 23:8).
6. The description of the Great White Throne draws me in.
The throne high and lifted up, shining in the light of His indescribable glory–a glory and power so magnificently awesome. All creation flees in response to His power and perfection.
I don’t want to be like the Israelites who begged Moses to talk to Jehovah for them because they were terrified. I want to be like Moses who says, “Here I come!” then stayed for forty days! Or Joshua. He lingered on the mountain and in the tent of meeting.
People need Jesus.
I haven’t found a formula for reaching unbelievers better than the one modeled by Jesus.
Go to the lost, confused people right here in the neighborhood. Tell them that the kingdom is here. Bring health to the sick. Raise the dead. Touch the untouchables. Kick out the demons. You have been treated generously, so live generously. Matthew 10:7-8 MSG
Feeding them doesn’t hurt either. Matthew 14:13-21
Pray for more laborers, train them, and send them out. Luke 10:1-2
Believe that God answers our prayers, and he doesn’t want anyone lost. 2 Peter 3:9
My answers—not THE answers—to study questions for BSF Revelation Lesson
I appreciate comments and further insight. Thanks for visiting!
If you found this content helpful, please subscribe and “like” or “share” this post via the buttons below. This will make it easier for others to find the information. Thanks!