New Heaven and New Earth
Meanings of Greek words translated to English in Rev 21: 1 –
New – of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness) *
Earth – country, earth (-ly), ground, land, world. (includes the inhabitants) *
Heaven – air, heaven, sky *
Passed Away – to come near or aside, i.e. to approach (arrive), go by (or away), (figurative) perish or neglect, (causative) avert :- come (forth), go, pass (away, by, over), past, transgress.*
7. The first heaven and first earth passed (by, away, over) *
I can’t tell if the first heaven and the first earth are symbolic or literal. Many consider them literal, but so many other elements presented in Revelation are symbolic, I’m inclined to think this is at least somewhat symbolic.
Jesus, the Messiah, came to establish the Kingdom of God on earth. The Lord’s Prayer, “Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.”
If the Jews accepted Jesus as their Messiah, would Jesus accept an earthly reign?
David’s kingdom was literal.
Jesus answered,“My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” John 18:36 ESV
As an aside, the word translated as world in the above verse (John 18:36) is the Greek word “kosmos”. It’s translated world 186 times and adorned once unlike the word often translated earth (which is seldom translated as world.) *
Jesus brought us new birth, a new wardrobe, and oneness with Him just as He and the Father are One. These gifts represent spiritual, but not physical, realities.
So, I think the Book of Revelation is primarily about the transition from old covenant to new covenant and not judgment. I don’t understand how every element of every vision fits into that. Maybe it doesn’t, but considering how the Pharisees completely misinterpreted the prophecies about the Messiah, I don’t want to do the same thing.
I don’t know how or when a final judgment fits into all that.
The first heaven and the first earth must “ approach (arrive), go by (or away), come (forth), go, pass (away, by, over), etc.” * because all things became new.
Therefore if anyone is in Christ [that is, grafted in, joined to Him by faith in Him as Savior], he is a new creature [reborn and renewed by the Holy Spirit]; the old things [the previous moral and spiritual condition] have passed away. Behold, new things have come [because spiritual awakening brings a new life]. 2 Corinthians 5:17 AMP (emphasis added)
Because of this decision we don’t evaluate people by what they have or how they look. We looked at the Messiah that way once and got it all wrong, as you know. We certainly don’t look at him that way anymore. Now we look inside, and what we see is that anyone united with the Messiah gets a fresh start, is created new. The old life is gone; a new life burgeons! Look at it! All this comes from the God who settled the relationship between us and him, and then called us to settle our relationships with each other. God put the world square with himself through the Messiah, giving the world a fresh start by offering forgiveness of sins. God has given us the task of telling everyone what he is doing. We’re Christ’s representatives. God uses us to persuade men and women to drop their differences and enter into God’s work of making things right between them. We’re speaking for Christ himself now: Become friends with God; he’s already a friend with you. 2 Corinthians 5:17-20 MSG (emphasis added)
What if the earth undergoes a resurrection of sorts; Redeemed from the curse and returned to the way it was when God created it for Adam and Eve?
8. God’s relationship with people
God created human beings in His own likeness, breathing His own breath into them. He placed them on the earth He created with everything they needed to live forever. He gave them dominion over the everything. God, perhaps the Son of Man, met with them and spoke to them in the garden. Gen 3:8
After Adam and Eve sinned, man’s tendency was to avoid God out of fear. There were exceptions like Enoch who walked [in habitual fellowship] with God and Moses whom the Lord spoke with face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend.
God loved Israel and lived among them. They were His people, and He was their God. They were often unfaithful to Him.
God sent Jesus as the blood sacrifice making it possible for anyone to receive the new birth – complete forgiveness and restoration of our relationship with Him. A born again 100% righteous spirit that will never die.
9. A. Abiding presence
I ask the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth to lead me into all truth, tell me of things to come, guide me, counsel me, teach me, and comfort me.
B. Because of the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit–
I can draw near and stand boldly in His presence. I believe we can be as close to God as we want in this life. If Moses could speak to God face to face as a friend, why can’t we? I want that relationship.
My answers—not THE answers—to study questions for BSF Revelation Lesson 26 Day 4
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