The New Jerusalem
6. A. Building Materials of the New Jerusalem
The wall is built of Jasper, the color of glory. It’s usually defined as “an opaque reddish, brown, or yellow quartz” but in verse 11, it is described as “shining as clear as crystal.”
The city is built of gold, so pure it is as transparent as clear crystal. The streets are also made of gold.
The wall of the city has twelve foundation stones and on them the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb (Christ). AMP
The first stone—Sapphire
The second stone—Agate
The third stone —Emerald
The fourth stone—Onyx
The fifth stone—Carnelian
The sixth stone—Chrysolite
The seventh stone—Beryl
The eighth stone—Topaz
The ninth stone—Chrysoprase
The tenth stone—Jacinth
The eleventh stone—Amethyst
Large Pearls served as twelve gates, inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.
B. Precious Jewels with Names Inscribed
Jewels (gemstones) have been highly prized and sought after throughout history. They are often called precious. They are beautiful and unique creations.
In ancient Jewish culture, when the bridegroom came to collect his bride, he adorned her with jewels. He then took her to his father’s house to be with her forever. In the same way, God is adorning us with gems and even settings of gold and silver before bringing us to be with Him. Additional references about God giving jewels to His people, His Bride, are as follows: Genesis 24:53, Isaiah 54:11-15, Isaiah 61:10, Jeremiah 2:32, Ezekiel 16:9-14, Zechariah 9:16. Gemstones From Heaven by Michael King
Gemstones display God’s creativity. He delighted in hiding beauty for us to discover.
John said, “The City shimmered like a precious gem, light-filled, pulsing light.” MSG
God treasures His people like precious jewels.
Through Isaiah, God reminded Zion that He has not forgotten them. He wrote their names on His hands. Is 49:14-16
The various colors of the stones are symbolic.
The high priest’s breastpiece began with a nine-inch square of fine fabric.
It has four rows of precious gemstones mounted on it.
The types of stones named are similar to those listed in Revelation. (The difficulty has been in knowing the exact identity of the stones named.)
7. The Old Testament records the history of God’s love and grace.
Many Old Testament prophecies and promises are fulfilled in the New Testament.
In the OT, God refers to the faithfulness and unfaithfulness of His people as a husband refers to his bride. In the New Testament, the Lamb is revealed as the husband who loves the world so much He died for her. The saints of Israel and the Church are His Bride.
The Bible differs from the writings of other religions because of its central theme of God’s love for His people. Many details about the temple and priesthood are reflected in the New Jerusalem.
Joshua, the type of Jesus, chose twelve men out of the people, to carry twelve stones over the Jordan with them, as Jesus chose twelve apostles to be the twelve foundations of the heavenly city, of which He is Himself the Chief corner-stone. Peter is not the only apostolic rock on whose preaching Christ builds His Church. Christ Himself is the true foundation. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown
The earthly home where God lived among His people, Israel, was temporary and symbolic.
God knows and values the names of His own.
8. A. God’s Attributes Displayed
Glory—The city shines with the glory of God. Jasper is the color of glory. Revelation 21:18
Security—The Near Eastern or Biblical cubit is usually estimated as approximately 457 mm (18.0 in). So, the walls of the New Jerusalem were about 216 feet thick (72 yards, or almost 66 meters). Each of the twelve gates
An angel guardes each of the twelve gates.
The walls and the angels keep out the ungodly.
Those inside live in perfect liberty and peace.
Perfect—God is perfect, and He does everything perfectly. The city is a perfect square.
B. Everything God says and does means something.
Glory has a color!
God is into perfection.
He does all things well. (Mark 7:37)
God is our fortress.
The Lord is good, A strength and stronghold in the day of trouble; He knows [He recognizes, cares for, and understands fully] those who take refuge and trust in Him. Nahum 1:7 AMP
C. A Beautiful, Firm Foundation
Until this study, I pictured the foundation jewels as individually cut stones like those mounted in jewelry and like the jewels mounted on the breastpiece. I thought they were larger than that but mounted on the foundation stones.
But no. These are huge, building stones.
As providence would have it, this week I heard someone mention the size of the stones Herod used to repair the walls of Jerusalem.
From Wikipedia: The largest stone in the Western Wall, often called the Western Stone, is also revealed within the tunnel and ranks as one of the heaviest objects ever lifted by human beings without powered machinery. The stone has a length of 13.6 metres (45 ft) and an estimated width of between 3.5 metres (11 ft) and 4.5 metres (15 ft); estimates place its weight at 570 short tons (510 long tons) Photos
My answers—not THE answers—to study questions for BSF Revelation Lesson 27 Day 3
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