8. Israel is not cast away. Romans 11:1-10
Accepting the Gentiles through grace does not mean God excludes Israel. On the contrary, He earnestly desires that they might be saved.
However, Israel is no longer favored over the Gentiles. From the beginning, God accepted believers by His grace. Just as God told Elijah he wasn’t the only prophet left, Paul says there remained a remnant whose hearts were not hardened toward Him.
9. A. Pruning and grafting branches Romans 11:16-17
Root — Abraham, the patriarchs — “a holy, God-planted, God-tended root” MSG
Branches — The Israelites
Broken branches — Children of Israel who rejected their Messiah. They were broken off due to their unbelief.
Wild olive shoot — Gentiles (outsiders) grafted in can now receive the blessing God promised Abraham and his children.
I’ve usually read this passage thinking of Jesus’ words — “I am the (grape)vine; you are the branches.” John 15:5
Paul’s analogy refers to an olive tree.
B. God’s great grace and mercy for everyone Romans 11:22-32
The Jews who turn from their unbelief will be grafted in again. God has the power to do that.
Non-Jews have nothing to gloat about. We were once just as unbelieving and disobedient.
For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable [for He does not withdraw what He has given, nor does He change His mind about those to whom He gives His grace or to whom He sends His call]. Romans 11:29 AMP
and so [at that time] all Israel [that is, all Jews who have a personal faith in Jesus as Messiah] will be saved; Romans11:26 AMP
10. I’m a wild, grafted-in shoot!
Photo Credit Mislav Marohnic CC