Romans Lesson 7 Day 4
My answers to BSF study questions
Generally, the Jewish teachers of Paul’s day believed that Abraham was justified by his works, by keeping the law. Ancient passages from the rabbis say: “We find that Abraham our father had performed the whole Law before it was given” and “Abraham was perfect in all his deeds with the Lord.” The rabbis argued that Abraham kept the law perfectly before it was given, keeping it by intuition or anticipation. (David Guzik)
9. Abraham declared righteous
Approximate Timeline — I used this one because it references a number of historical sources.
2091 BC “There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine in the land was severe.” Genesis 12:10 HCSB
2081 BC “Abram believed the Lord, and He credited it to him as righteousness.” Genesis 15:6 HCSB
2080 BC Abram was 86 when Ishmael was born. Genesis 16:16
2067 BC God established the circumcision covenant when Abraham was 99. — Genesis 17:1-15
2066 BC Isaac is born. — Genesis 21
Fourteen years later —
According to this timeline, God established the covenant of circumcision with Abraham fourteen years after declaring him righteous.
430 years later —
Exodus 12:40-41 states that it was 430 years after God’s covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15:5-6) that the children of Israel came out of Egypt. It was in that same year when the Lord gave the Ten Commandments to Moses (Exodus 20). The Law didn’t annul the covenant of faith made with Abraham, but the covenant of grace through faith in Jesus does annul the covenant of Law (Hebrews 7:18). Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
Through Abraham, God established the precedent of justification by faith alone.
Just as Abraham and Sarah could not produce a child on their own, He knew that we could not produce righteousness on our own. That’s why God provided the sacrifice—His only Son, Jesus Christ.
“This is a recurring pattern in God’s dealings with humans. He waits until it is impossible, and then He does the impossible – so that no one is confused about God’s role in the matter.” (Source)
10. a. Some believe they are saved by faith and their own efforts.
Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness.
Signs like baptism and communion are tangible/visual representations and reminders of spiritual realities.
This is the reason that faith is the single source of the promise—so that grace would be offered to all Abraham’s children, those whose lives are defined by the law and those who follow the path of faith charted by Abraham, our common father. (Romans 4:16 Voice, emphasis added)
b. I am righteous in God’s eyes.
I am the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21)
I am forgiven. (Colossians 1:13-14)
I am saved by grace through faith. (Ephesians 2:8)
I am justified. (Romans 5:1)
I am sanctified. (1 Corinthians 5:17)
I am an overcomer by the blood of the Lamb and the word of my testimony. (Revelation 12:11)
I am a child of God. (Romans 8:16)
I am a son of God. (Romans 8:14)
I am an heir of God and a joint heir with Jesus. (Romans 8:17)
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MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on Romans Lesson 7 Day 4 ~ Romans 4:9-15