Study of Matthew 22:41–23:12 ~ My answers to BSF study questions
8. a. Jesus asked the Pharisees the following questions about the Messiah:
- “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?”
- “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, “‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”’
- If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?”
b. As the son of God who had personal knowledge and understanding of the divine, this passage made perfect sense to Jesus. He knew that He existed before the time of David and was his Lord, but now stood before them in human form as a descendant of David.
After three attempts to trap Jesus by asking Him difficult questions, Jesus demonstrated His vastly superior wisdom and understanding of the scriptures.
c. Jesus truly is the Son of God, the Messiah, seated once again at the right hand of the Father. He is the source of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding.
9. Jesus’ instructions concerning Pharisees’ leadership—
a. Esteem the position and offices they hold by doing what they say, as long as they are godly commands.
b. Don’t do what they do, because they don’t follow their own instructions.
“This is always a characteristic of hypocrites. They impose standards on others that they fail to do themselves.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
c. This is what motivates hypocrites: They are all about pleasing people, not God. “They do everything to be observed by others…They love the place of honor at banquets, the front seats in the synagogues…” Matthew 23:5–6
d. This is all about my attitude and my heart.
- I must “seek first His kingdom and His righteousness…” Matthew 6:33
- I must be transparent about my own shortcomings instead of trying to “save face.”
- I must confess my sin quickly and turn away from it.
- I must rely on the Holy Spirit for direction and guidance.
- I must be diligent to renew my mind by meditating on the Word of God.
“Jesus was teaching about a true servant’s heart that loves others more than self and will joyfully do without so that someone else may prosper.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
10. Christian leadership principles outlined in Matthew 23:8-12—
- Seek first His kingdom and His righteousness.
- Don’t seek to be honored and recognized by peers or followers.
- Avoid both types of hypocrisy: “(1) not practicing what one preaches (Titus 1:16) and (2) right actions with wrong motives (Matthew 15:8).” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
- Don’t burden people with legalism. Teach grace. The gospel is Good News.
- Be devoted to prayer in the secret place rather than in public.
- Help those who can’t help themselves as unto the Lord.
- Desire to please God.
- Serve others with genuine love and humility.