Study of Matthew 26:69-27:10 ~ My answers to BSF study questions
8. a. Peter’s denial of Jesus:
- Peter is fearful when the crowd arrives to arrest Jesus.
- Peter reacts in his own strength. He reaches for his sword and cuts off Malchus’ ear. He was probably aiming to cut off his head, but Malchus saw it coming.
- Peter is reprimanded by Jesus for relying on the arm of flesh.
- Peter, along with the other disciples, deserted Jesus when He was arrested.
- Peter followed at a distance, and then sat down with the guards.
- A servant girl recognized Peter, but he said he didn’t know what she was talking about.
- Another servant girl recognized him, and he again denied it, swearing an oath.
- Others recognized him and confronted him. This time, he not only denied it, he called down curses.
b. The thing that came to mind is a Jack Hayford teaching given at a minister’s conference. I thought the personal story he included was one of the best examples of the path to sin. He was transparent enough to share it even though it was from his own life.
He said there was an attractive woman working in his office who was very kind and helpful. She seemed in tune with his needs.
After a time, he noticed he was thinking about her more often. He also found himself looking forward to seeing her.
Thankfully, he had a good marriage. As soon as he realized his thinking was heading in a dangerous direction, he confessed it to his wife. His confession nipped it in the bud.
“When angry, do not sin; do not ever let your wrath (your exasperation, your fury or indignation) last until the sun goes down.” Ephesians 4:26
I think this verse also applies to any emotion that leads to sin: lust, greed, jealousy, hatred, fear, worry, etc. By allowing these emotional seeds to remain, we give opportunity to the devil.
9. a. Compare/contrast Peter and Judas—
- When Jesus revealed Judas as His betrayer, Judas did not deny it. When Jesus said, “What you are going to do, do more swiftly than you seem to intend and make quick work of it.” , Judas got up from the table and left. John 13:21-30 AMP
- Judas was a hypocrite who cared more about money and only pretended to care about the poor. John 12:6
- Judas was a thief. He had been stealing from the treasury for a long time. John 12:6
- Satan entered into Judas. Luke 22:3
- Judas’ final betrayal of Jesus was premeditated, initiated by him, and planned. Luke 22:3-6
- Judas’ plotting and his betrayal kiss displayed hatred.
- Judas’ “remorse leads to terminal despair.” The IVP New Testament Commentary Series
Simon Peter’s motivation—Fear
- Prior to Peter’s offense, Jesus said to Peter,”You are clean, but not all of you.” John 13:10
- Peter had a heart to please Jesus. However, he did not know his own areas of weakness.
- When Peter said, “I will lay down my life for You,” Jesus told Peter “I assure you, most solemnly I tell you, before a rooster crows, you will deny Me [completely disown Me] three times.” John 13:38 AMP
- Peter again asserted his loyalty even to the point of death.
- Peter initially ran with the others, but followed and observed with other onlookers.
- Peter three times adamantly denied being one of Jesus’ followers.
- When the rooster crowed, as Jesus had prophesied, …
Peter was shattered, not by sickness or punishment, but by the words of Jesus.
There is no way we can fully grasp what Peter suffered here, but we can see that he never did this again. Christian tradition records that Peter suffered martyrdom by crucifixion in Rome. He didn’t flinch that time. He even asked to be crucified upside down because he was not worthy to be crucified in the same position that Jesus was crucified in. Our greatest failures can lead to our greatest strengths if we respond properly. Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
- Peter was genuinely ashamed, repentant, forgiven, and restored. His destiny was unchanged. Matthew 26:75 says Peter “went outside and wept bitterly.”
b. On the day of Pentecost, Peter who previously denied Christ, now boldly proclaimed the good news to the crowd of Jews from every country. The Christian church was founded on Peter as Jesus prophesied. Peter fulfilled his destiny.
Peter’s conduct here is a dramatic contrast with his boldness on the Day of Pentecost and this once again illustrates the difference that the indwelling of the Holy Spirit makes.
Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.
c. Perhaps Judas was only sorry because he was embarrassed after his deed was known. Perhaps he expected to come out looking like a hero to the Sanhedrin.
But Judas was not accepted by them or by the disciples. He hadn’t been truly one of them for quite some time. His behavior is like that of someone who became offended along the away.
Perhaps Judas was afraid of judgment. In any of these cases, his motive was selfish.
It doesn’t appear he made any attempt to repent or reconcile with the other disciples.
Peter, on the other hand, believed Jesus was the Son of God. He was zealous but rough around the edges. He was wholeheartedly repentant when he realized his failure. He went on to bear much good fruit for the kingdom of God.
d. It doesn’t seem to me that Judas believed Jesus was the Son of God. He called Jesus teacher or rabbi. He seemed to be an opportunist who hoped Jesus would lead a rebellion and come into power. Jesus is the only way to the Father. By rejecting Jesus (Judas left prior to Jesus serving the wine which represented His blood) Judas died in his sin.
10. Questioning Jesus and Peter
- Jesus—The religious leaders questioned Jesus to find any reason to incriminate Him. The verdict had already been predetermined.
- The false witnesses couldn’t agree.
- Finally, two witnesses twisted Jesus’ words saying He was able to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days. Jesus didn’t answer or defend Himself.
- Then He asked Jesus to tell them if He was the Christ, the Son of God. Jesus answered in the affirmative and then quoted the passage in Daniel.
- Pilate asked Jesus if He was the King of the Jews. Jesus again answered in the affirmative.
- Jesus did not respond to any other questions.
- Peter wasn’t asked questions.—He was confronted by two different girls who recognized him as one who was with Jesus. He denied it both times. He did not respond to the other accusations and questions.
- Third several others said, “surely you are one of them, for your speech betrays you.”
- So Peter denied he knew Jesus.
- Jesus affirmed that He was the Christ, the Son of God and the King of the Jews.