Study of Matthew 28:1-15; Acts 1:3-11 ~ My answers & commentary on BSF study questions
Acts 1:3 The Greek word TEKMERION translated as “convincing proofs” is not used anywhere else in the Bible. According to Strong’s Concordance it means “a token (as defining a fact), i.e. criterion of certainty.”
There are a number of scriptural references to Jesus’ appearances to His followers during the forty day period between the resurrection and His ascension. After trying to assemble a concise list, I consulted other sources. I found this article very thorough. It also cleared up some of my confusion. The author addresses the similarities and what seem to be discrepancies among the various accounts.
- Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene. — John 20:14-17
- Jesus appeared to Mary, Salome, Joanna, and at least one other woman on resurrection morning. — Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1; Luke 24:10
- Jesus appeared to Simon Peter — Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthian 15:5
- Jesus with Clopas and a companion who were on their way to Emmaus. — Luke 24:13-33
- Jesus appeared to His disciples in Jerusalem behind closed doors where they were hiding from the Jews. Thomas was not present. Jesus showed them His hands and His side. He also ate something because they doubted He was there in the flesh. — John 20:19-24
- Jesus appeared to His disciples eight days later with Thomas present. — John 20:26-29
- Jesus appeared to seven disciples at the Sea of Tiberias — John 21:1-23
- Jesus appeared to His disciples and a large gathering at a mountain in Galilee. — Matthew 28:16-17; 1 Corinthians 15:6
- Jesus appeared to James. — 1 Corinthians 15:7
- Jesus’ appeared to disciples possibly in Jerusalem before He led them out to the Mount of Olives — Luke 24:49-53; Acts 1:3-11
b. “…how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?” 1 Corinthians 15:12
- If not, then Christ was not raised from the dead.
- Preaching, teaching, and studying about Jesus is useless.
- Our faith is useless.
- We become false witnesses about God if we say He raised Christ from the dead.
- We are not born again, and we are still in sin.
- Those who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost.
- We are to be pitied if our hope in Christ is only for this life on earth.
10. The importance of Jesus’ physical resurrection—
- John 10:17-18 — Jesus’ said He had the authority to lay down His life and to take it up again.
- Acts 2:31 with Psalm 16:10 — According to prophecy, the Messiah would not remain in the place of the dead nor would His body decay.
- Acts 17:30-31 — There would be no need to repent because there would be no judgment and no eternal life.
- 1 Corinthians 15:45-58 — Because of Jesus’ resurrection, at the last trumpet, we will be changed from corruptible to incorruptible. From mortal to immortal. Death has no victory.
- Ephesians 1:18-20; Romans 6:4 — Jesus’ resurrection demonstrates the immeasurable greatness of God’s power. We are figuratively buried with Him and raised with Him to a brand new life.
- 1 Thessalonians 4:13-14 — Paul was comforting those who mourned the passing of another believer. He said we have the hope of seeing them again in eternity.
- Hebrews 7:16, 23-28 — Jesus is new type of priest of a new and living way.
- 1 Peter 1:3-5 — Because of Jesus’ resurrection, we have an inheritance waiting for us—An inheritance that won’t decay or lose its value.