Answers to BSF Bible Study Questions on John Lesson 19 Day 3
6. Jesus promises the Holy Spirit
The NIV translates the Greek text using three names: Holy Spirit, Advocate, and Spirit of Truth.
Advocate—a defender of a cause, a counselor, patron, mediator, helper “The Spirit is here promised as One who would supply Christ’s own place in His absence.
A Commentary: Critical, Experimental, and Practical on the Old and New Testaments.”
Other translations use the words “Helper,” “Comforter,” and “Friend.”
The Amplified Version defines “Helper” as Comforter, Advocate, Intercessor, Counselor, Strengthener, and Standby. (AMP 2015)
Spirit of Truth—Leads us into all truth (NLT) and speaks the truth (BW Johnson). John 17:19; 1 Corinthians 2:4; 1 Thessalonians 1:5 He bears witness of the truth.
The Spirit, or Holy Ghost, whose essential office is to manifest, vindicate, and apply the truth. The Gospel of Christ may be thus called, because it exposes falsity, removes error, and teaches the knowledge of the true God—shows the way to him, saves from vanity and illusive hopes, and establishes solid happiness in the souls of those who believe. (Adam Clarke)
7. The Holy Spirit is God, not just a force or our conscience.
The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit isn’t just our conscience or a force to lead us in the right direction. The Spirit of Truth is the nature of God and Jesus. As the death and atonement of Christ will be necessary to man till the conclusion of the world, so the office of the Holy Spirit must be continued among men till the end of time: therefore says Christ, he shall continue with you forever, teaching, comforting, advising, defending, and interceding for you and for all my followers to the end of time. (Adam Clarke)
That He may abide with you forever—never go away, as Jesus was going to do in the body. (JFB)
Functions of the Holy Spirit
- Guide us throughout our life to lead us to the truth, to make correct decisions, to grow spiritually mature,
- Remind us of God’s past faithfulness, truths, and promises
- Teach us the meaning of scripture—He taught the disciples the meaning of things Jesus said during His time with them.
- Comforts us when we need it—He knows our thoughts and feelings and how to bring us comfort and encouragement.
- Discerning of spirits
- Produces good fruit in our lives—love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control
I know there are more, but I will leave it there.
8. The Holy Spirit is the only one who knows the deep things of God.
Since only the Holy Spirit knows the deep things of God, we need the Spirit of God to teach us and guide us. He has access to God’s wisdom.
The Holy Spirit often brings a verse to mind when we need it. This week, a friend quoted Matthew 11:30 where Jesus said, “For My yoke is easy [to bear] and My burden is light.”
In that passage, Jesus was talking about the Pharisee’s version of religion wasn’t the truth. I realized I felt like I had a lot piled on me. It caused me to look at the situation differently. At that moment I knew Jesus cared and wanted to help.
No one can know a person’s thoughts except that person’s own spirit, and no one can know God’s thoughts except God’s own Spirit.
And we have received God’s Spirit (not the world’s spirit), so we can know the wonderful things God has freely given us. When we tell you these things, we do not use words that come from human wisdom. Instead, we speak words given to us by the Spirit, using the Spirit’s words to explain spiritual truths.
But people who aren’t spiritual can’t receive these truths from God’s Spirit. It all sounds foolish to them and they can’t understand it, for only those who are spiritual can understand what the Spirit means. (NLT)
For what person knows the thoughts and motives of a man except the man’s spirit within him? So also no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.
Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the [Holy] Spirit who is from God, so that we may know and understand the [wonderful] things freely given to us by God. We also speak of these things, not in words taught or supplied by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining and interpreting spiritual thoughts with spiritual words [for those being guided by the Holy Spirit].
But the natural [unbelieving] man does not accept the things [the teachings and revelations] of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness [absurd and illogical] to him; and he is incapable of understanding them, because they are spiritually discerned and appreciated, [and he is unqualified to judge spiritual matters]. (AMP)
This passage reminds me of the Ethiopian Eunuch in Acts 8:26-40 when Philip asked him, “Do you understand what you’re reading?” He answered, “How can I without some help?”
Because Jesus sent the Spirit of Truth who opened Philip’s eyes, the disciple explained the Messianic prophecy from Isaiah 53:7-8. “Using this passage as his text, he preached Jesus to him.” (MSG)
MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on John Lesson 19 Day 3 Holy Spirit ~ John 14:15-26