5. a. The laws in Exodus 21:33–22:15 deal with situations where the remedy is restitution.
b. Restitution describes the act of restoration. The basic purpose of restitution is to assure fairness and prevent the unjust enrichment of a party.
c. Current examples of damages listed in the following verses:
- Exodus 21:33-36 — Today dogs represent the most common instance of an animal causing injury or death to other animals or humans. If a dog killed a dog belonging to someone else, a monetary compensation makes more sense. We don’t eat dogs and the attacking dog should be put to sleep. However, we live near a rural area and have friends whose children raise livestock for 4-H. Someone’s dog or perhaps a wild animal got into their yard, killed four hens and attacked a sheep. They never identified the culprit, but obviously, these issues still occur.
- Exodus 22:1-4 — While thieves do steal pure-bred dogs, thieves usually break in to steal items easier to sell like big-screen televisions, iPads, jewelry, guns, etc.
- Exodus 22:5-6 — Fire damage to a neighbor’s property can result from shooting off fireworks.
- Exodus 22:7-15 — I often take care of my son’s pet when he goes on vacation. If I neglected to give water and food to the pet, or left her in a locked car on a hot day, I would be irresponsible.
Several neighbors also ask us to pick up their mail and look after their homes while they travel. If our neighbor leaves us a key to their house, and we throw a party in it, eat all their food, and leave a big mess, they have every right to demand restitution.
d. If I neglected to take ordinary care with respect to any of the above examples, I would expect to compensate the other party.
6. a. Laws that relate to social responsibility Exodus 22:16-31:
- Premarital sexual relations with a virgin obligates the man to pay the bride price even if the girl’s father refuses to let him marry her. Since the girl was now unlikely to marry, the bride price provides support for the rest of her life.— Exodus 22:16-17
- Sorcery—witchcraft, magic, use of incantations — Exodus 22:18
- Bestiality—having sexual relations with an animal—Exodus 22:19
- Offering sacrifices to another god—Exodus 22:20
- Mistreatment or oppression of immigrants—Exodus 22:21
- Mistreatment of widows and orphans—Exodus 22:22-24
- Lending money with interest to fellow Israelites—Exodus 22:25
- Holding an item as collateral that would cause a hardship to the debtor—Exodus 22:26-27
- Blaspheming God or cursing the ruler of your people—Exodus 22:28
- Timely giving of first-fruits of your vineyard and wine-press as well as your own first-born son (for whom a substitute animal is sacrificed)—Exodus 22:29
- Timely giving of the first-born male of your livestock—Exodus 22:30 —I think it’s interesting most of the sacrifices were actually eaten by the family. Only a portion went to the Levitical priests. Female livestock builds the herd and wealth. One male goat ensures reproduction in 40 to 50 females, so males are usually sold or eaten. Offerings built and maintained the temple not first-fruits. Giving to God and tithing is taught differently today.
- Animals killed by a wild animal must not be eaten.—Exodus 22:31—The meat was unclean because the blood was not drained and the animal that killed it was unclean.
b. God gave these laws to the people because they are special and holy, set apart. They should not live like the other nations.
Subscribe to receive future posts via email.