Romans Lesson 19 Day 3
My answers to BSF study questions
6. Israel sought after God’s favor by obedience to the Law.
“The people of Israel tried to gain God’s approval by obeying the laws in Moses’ Teachings, but they did not reach their goal.” (Romans 9:31 NOG)
Israel failed. See Romans 9:31-33
- They failed to keep the law.
- They didn’t rely on faith to gain God’s approval, but they relied on their own efforts.
7. God always has a remnant.
Heading for Isaiah 29:10-14 NOG translation: “The Lord’s word will be hidden from some but revealed to others.” Israel faithfully kept the feasts but failed to gain God’s favor. However, this ends with a promise of restoration for God’s people.
“These people worship me with their mouths
and honor me with their lips.
But their hearts are far from me,
and their worship of me is based on rules made by humans. (Isaiah 29:13 NOG emphasis added)
In Romans 11:7, Paul quotes Isaiah 29:10–
Yahweh has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep.
He will shut your eyes. (Your eyes are the prophets.)
He will cover your heads. (Your heads are the seers.) (NOG)
In Romans 11:9, Paul quotes David Psalm 69:22-23 —
And David says, Let their table (their feasting, banqueting) become a snare and a trap, a pitfall and a just retribution [rebounding like a boomerang upon them];
Let their eyes be darkened (dimmed) so that they cannot see, and make them bend their back [stooping beneath their burden] forever.
Those whose hearts are hardened feel safe and secure going through the motions of their religious ritual feasts. They don’t realize their hearts are no longer sensitive to God.
Jesus taught in parables for this very reason. As He said in verse 11, “The knowledge of the secrets of heaven has been given to you, but it has not been given to them.” (Voice)
Despite all the miracles Jesus performed right in front of their eyes, their spiritual eyes remained blind because their hearts were hardened toward God. Some leaders did believe Jesus was the Messiah, but they cared more about their reputation among their peers than God’s approval, so they went along with the crowd.
Paul spent an entire day from morning until evening with a large group of Jews in Rome. They hadn’t heard of Paul, but they had heard many negative reports about the “Christian sect.”
After “explaining everything involved in the kingdom of God, and trying to persuade them all about Jesus by pointing out what Moses and the prophets had written about him, Some of them were persuaded by what he said, but others refused to believe a word of it.” (Acts 28:23-24 MSG)
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MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on Romans Lesson 19 Day 3 ~ Romans 11:1-10